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mPEG-PLA/TPGS mixed micelles via intranasal administration improved the bioavailability of lamotrigine in the hippocampus

Authors Yu A, Lv J, Yuan F, Xia Z, Fan K, Chen G, Ren J, Lin C, Wei S, Yang F

Received 4 July 2017

Accepted for publication 17 September 2017

Published 21 November 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 8353—8362


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Linlin Sun

Anan Yu,1,* Jieqiong Lv,1,* Fang Yuan,1 Zihua Xia,1 Kaiyan Fan,1 Gang Chen,1,2 Jialin Ren,1 Cuicui Lin,1 Shijie Wei,1,2 Fan Yang1,2

1Department of Pharmaceutics, 2Guangdong Provincial Engineering Center of Topical Precise Drug Delivery System, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Purpose: This study aimed to develop a novel methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactide) (mPEG-PLA)/D-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) mixed micelle drug delivery system to improve lamotrigine (LTG) distribution in the hippocampus.
Methods: LTG-loaded mPEG-PLA/TPGS mixed micelles and LTG-loaded mPEG-PLA micelles were formulated, and their characteristics, particle size, surface morphology, and release behavior in vitro were researched. Then, a microdialysis sampling technique coupled with two validated chromatographic systems was developed for the continuous measurement of the protein-unbound form of LTG in the rat plasma and hippocampus after administering two kinds of micelles and LTG solution intranasally.
Results: The drug loading and mean size of LTG-loaded micelles and LTG-loaded mixed micelles prepared with optimal formulation were 36.44%±0.14%, 39.28%±0.26%, 122.9, and 183.5 nm, respectively, with a core–shell structure. The cumulative release rate in vivo of LTG-loaded mixed micelles was 84.21% at 24 hours and showed more sustained release while that of LTG-loaded micelles was 80.61% at 6 hours. The Tmax and area under concentration-time curve from zero to time of last quantifiable concentration of LTG solution, LTG-loaded micelles, and LTG-loaded mixed micelles were 55, 35, and 15 minutes and about 5,384, 16,500, and 25,245 (min·µg)/L in the hippocampus, respectively.
Conclusion: The results revealed that LTG-loaded mPEG-PLA/TPGS mixed micelles enhanced the absorption of LTG at the nasal cavity and reduced the efflux of LTG in the brain, suggesting that the function of TPGS inhibited P-glycoprotein and LTG-loaded mPEG-PLA/TPGS mixed micelles had the potential to overcome refractory epilepsy.

Keywords: epilepsy, intranasal administration, lamotrigine, P-glycoprotein, blood brain barrier, TPGS

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