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Motivation of adult female patients seeking orthodontic treatment: an application of Q-methodology

Authors Tang X, Cai J, Lin B, Yao L, Lin F

Received 4 December 2014

Accepted for publication 14 January 2015

Published 9 February 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 249—256

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S78691

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Naifeng Liu

Xia Tang,1 Jiaxin Cai,1 Beibei Lin,1 Linjie Yao,2 Feiou Lin3

1School of Stomatology, 2Department of Pedodontics, 3Department of Orthodontics, School of Stomatology, Wenzhou Medical University, Lu Cheng District, People’s Republic of China

Background: Motivation is the impetus for patients to seek orthodontic treatment, affecting adherence, treatment outcomes, and satisfaction. The aim of this study was to assess the motivation of adult female patients seeking orthodontic treatment, and classify the patients according to their motivations.
Methods: This study used Q-methodology as the main tool. Q-samples were collected and categorized (35 items). Forty-two adult female patients were interviewed before treatment as the P-sample, and their responses were categorized into the Q-methodology grid. Participants were asked to rank-order a set of 35 statements (Q-sample) from “agree most” to “disagree most” (Q-sorting). The finished Q-grids were analyzed using PQ method 2.35.
Results: Four main factors were identified based on how adult female patients ranked statements: factor 1, patients who focus on their self-perception of their appearance; factor 2, patients who are concerned about the esthetics and function of their teeth; factor 3, patients who are easily influenced by others; factor 4, patients who want to improve their confidence and avoid negative thoughts caused by their teeth. The remaining patients who had other views did not match any of the above four groups.
Conclusion: The motivations of adult female patients seeking orthodontic treatment are complex. This study found that most adult female patients fell into one of four typical factor groups. Our findings may improve the adherence of adult female patients by developing a more ideal treatment program.

Keywords:
adult female patients, orthodontic treatment, Q-methodology

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