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MK-2206 co-treatment with 5-fluorouracil or doxorubicin enhances chemosensitivity and apoptosis in gastric cancer by attenuation of Akt phosphorylation

Authors Jin P, Wong C, Mei S, He X, Qian Y, Sun L

Received 12 February 2016

Accepted for publication 19 April 2016

Published 19 July 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 4387—4396


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Faris Farassati

Piaopiao Jin,1,2 Chi Chun Wong,3 Sibin Mei,1 Xingkang He,4 Yun Qian,4 Leimin Sun1

1Department of Gastroenterology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, 2Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, 3Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 4Institute of Gastroenterology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China

Abstract: The anticancer effect of MK-2206, an Akt inhibitor, has been explored in some types of cancers, but its effect on gastric cancer is unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate its anticancer effect in gastric cancer cells. Cell viability and colony formation assays showed that MK-2206 effectively inhibited the proliferation of SGC-7901 and MKN45 cells. The 50% inhibitory concentration values after 24, 48, and 72 hours’ treatment were 22.92, 13.68, and 8.55 µM in SGC-7901 cells and 19.21, 13.10, and 9.11 µM in MKN45 cells, respectively. Treatment with MK-2206 induced apoptosis in SGC-7901 cells as indicated by flow cytometry assay. The combination indexes of MK-2206 and doxorubicin were 0.59 in SGC-7901 cells and 0.57 in MKN45 cells, whereas for 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) the indexes were 0.17 in SGC-7901 cells and 0.73 in MKN45 cells, indicating that MK-2206 could work synergistically with doxorubicin or 5-FU to inhibit cell growth. Furthermore, a small dose (1 µM) of MK-2206 co-treatment with doxorubicin or 5-FU was sufficient for complete inhibition of chemotherapeutic alteration of phosphorylated Akt expression and significant enhancement of pro-apoptosis effect through the activation of caspase pathway. Therefore, MK-2206 effectively inhibits gastric cancer cell growth by attenuation of Akt phosphorylation and synergistically enhances the antitumor effect of doxorubicin and 5-FU via caspase-dependent apoptosis.

Keywords: MK-2206, Akt pathway, apoptosis, chemotherapy, caspase, gastric cancer

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