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miRNA Expression Profile in the N2 Phenotype Neutrophils of Colorectal Cancer and Screen of Putative Key miRNAs

Authors Wang L, Yang J, Huang J, Wen ZQ, Xu N, Liu X, Zhang JH, Li WL

Received 26 February 2020

Accepted for publication 26 May 2020

Published 7 July 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 5491—5503


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo

Liang Wang,1 Jun Yang,1 Jian Huang,1 Zheng-Qi Wen,1 Ning Xu,1 Xuan Liu,1 Jian-Hua Zhang,2 Wen-Liang Li1

1Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, Yunnan Province 650032, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of General Surgery, Hong He Prefecture Third People’s Hospital, Gejiu City 661100, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Wen-Liang Li
Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, No. 295 Xichang Road, Kunming 650051, People’s Republic of China

Objective: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in the digestive tract, which accounts for 10% of all the malignant tumors in the world. The aim of this study was to identify key genes and miRNAs in CRC diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy and to further explore the potential molecular mechanisms of CRC.
Methods: The infiltration and metastasis of neutrophils in primary colorectal cancer tissue and paracancerous tissue were observed by immunohistochemical staining. After inducing N2 neutrophils with TGF-β 1 in vitro, exosomes were extracted and sequenced, and then the expression differences of miRNAs were screened by using Agilent miRNA microarrays. The data were imported to the Web CARMA for differential expression analysis. The GO and KEGG enrichment analysis were performed using DIANA-MirPath v3.0 using TargetScan database. And the corresponding targets were imported into Gephi for network analysis. The expression level of differentially expressed miRNA using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was validated.
Results: A total of 2 miRNAs were found to be associated with N2 neutrophils, in which the expression of hsa-miR-4780 was upregulated and the expression of hsa-miR-3938 was downregulated in N2 neutrophils, compared with the neutrophils. In addition, the results of miRNA-targets networks showed that the hsa-mir-3938 and hsa-mir-4780 could regulate TUSC1 and ZNF197. The expression level of hsa-miR-4780 and hsa-miR-3938 wase validated in accordance with the results of RT-PCR.
Conclusion: The hsa-mir-3938 and hsa-mir-4780 were differentially expressed between N2 neutrophils and neutrophils. Moreover, the regulation of TUSC1 and ZNF197 by these DEmiRNA established the theoretical basis for the mechanism of N2 type neutrophils regulating the invasion and metastasis of CRC cells and provided the potential biomarker for prognosis for clinical treatment of CRC.

Keywords: miRNA, N2 phenotype neutrophils, colorectal cancer

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