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miR-335-5p Regulates Cell Cycle and Metastasis in Lung Adenocarcinoma by Targeting CCNB2

Authors Wang X, Xiao H, Wu D, Zhang D, Zhang Z

Received 7 January 2020

Accepted for publication 17 May 2020

Published 30 June 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 6255—6263


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Takuya Aoki

Xiyong Wang, Huaiqing Xiao, Dongqiang Wu, Dongliang Zhang, Zhihao Zhang

Department of Thoracic Surgery, China Coast Guard Hospital of the People’s Armed Police Force, Jiaxing 314000, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Zhihao Zhang
Department of Thoracic Surgery, China Coast Guard Hospital of the People’s Armed Police Force, No. 16 Nanhu Road, Jiaxing 314000, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-13505736019

Background: Lots of studies have shown that cyclin disorders can promote tumor development. This study aims to investigate the biological function and molecular mechanism of CCNB2 in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD).
Methods: LUAD data were downloaded from GEO database and TCGA-LUAD database. Differential analysis was conducted to find the differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs, while targeted prediction was done for the access of potential target mRNAs. Gene expression level was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot in human LUAD cell lines A-427, A549, Calu-3, PC-9 and human bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B. MTT, colony formation, Transwell and flow cytometry assays were used to detect cell proliferation, metastasis, and cell cycle changes of PC-9 cell line. The dual-luciferase reporter gene was used to detect the targeted binding relationship of the target miRNA and mRNA.
Results: CCNB2 was highly expressed and served as a biomarker indicating poor prognosis in LUAD patients. Cell function experiments confirmed the inhibitory effects of silencing CCNB2 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of LUAD cells and cell cycle was blocked in the G0/G1 phase. In addition, with regard to the regulatory mechanism, we demonstrated that miR-335-5p had binding sites with 3ʹ-UTR of CCNB2, indicating that miR-335-5p could target the regulation expression of CCNB2. In subsequent cell function tests, overexpression of miR-335-5p inhibited the proliferation and metastasis of cancer cells, and the rescue experiments also verified that miR-335-5p could reverse the promotion of CCNB2 overexpression on the progress of cancer cells.
Conclusion: In summary, our results revealed that miR-335-5p could target the down-regulation of CCNB2 to inhibit the occurrence and development of LUAD.

Keywords: LUAD, CCNB2, miR-335-5p, proliferation, metastasis

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