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MiR-183-5p Promotes Tumor Progression of Osteosarcoma and Predicts Poor Prognosis in Patients

Authors Jin L, Luo Y, Zhao YC, Tao H

Received 15 November 2020

Accepted for publication 15 January 2021

Published 27 January 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 805—814


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Xueqiong Zhu

Lin Jin, Yue Luo, Ying-Chun Zhao, Hai Tao

Department of Orthopaedics, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430060, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Hai Tao
Department of Orthopaedics, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Zhang Zhidong Road 99, Wuhan, Hubei 430060, People’s Republic of China

Background: Although miRNA-183-5p plays a critical role in many cancer types, including gastric cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, prostate cancer, renal cell cancer and breast cancer, its role in osteosarcoma remains unclear.
Methods: Expression levels of miR-183-5p were detected in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines using qRT-PCR. The effect of miR-183-5p on the survival and recurrence of osteosarcoma patients was analyzed in a cohort of 80 patients using Kaplan–Meier curves and Cox regression analysis. Effects of miR-183-5p on cell proliferation, migration and invasion abilities were evaluated using CCK-8, crystal violet and transwell assays.
Results: The expression of miR-183-5p was found to be upregulated in human osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines. Moreover, miR-183-5p expression was observed to be closely associated with tumor size, TNM stage and lung metastasis. Notably, high expression of miR-183-5p was shown to be able to predict unfavorable clinical prognosis in osteosarcoma patients. Additionally, whilst overexpression of miR-183-5p was observed to significantly promote the proliferation, migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells; an inhibitory effect was observed with knockdown of miR-183-5p.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that miR-183-5p acts as an oncogene and plays a critical role in the regulation of osteosarcoma tumor progression, and our results suggest a novel potential prognostic and therapeutic value of miR-183-5p in osteosarcoma.

Keywords: miR-183-5p, osteosarcoma, progression, prognosis, biomarker

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