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miR-1305 Inhibits The Progression Of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer By Regulating MDM2

Authors Cai Y, Hao Y, Ren H, Dang Z, Xu H, Xue X, Gao Y

Received 24 June 2019

Accepted for publication 23 August 2019

Published 11 November 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 9529—9540


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Eileen O'Reilly

Yuxing Cai,1 Yi Hao,2 HaiFeng Ren,3 ZhiGuo Dang,3 Hui Xu,1 Xiangfei Xue,1 Yan Gao3

1Department of Respiratory Medicine, Baoji Central Hospital, Baoji, 721008, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pediatric Surgery, Baoji Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Baoji, 721008, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Respiratory Medicine, People Hospital BaoJi City, Baoji, 721001, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Yan Gao
Department of Respiratory Medicine, People Hospital BaoJi City, No. 24 Xinhua Street, Weibin District, Baoji City, Shanxi Province 721001, People’s Republic of China

Background: Increasing evidence has suggested the critical implication of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the initiation and progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Previous studies have shown the tumor-suppressive function of miR-1305 in cancer; however, the role of miR-1305 in NSCLC has not been fully understood.
Methods: The expression of miR-1305 in NSCLC was detected by RT-qPCR. The influence of miR-1305 on the growth of NSCLC cells was determined via Cell Counting Kit 8 (CCK-8), colony formation and FACS analysis. The targets of miR-1305 were predicted with the miRDB database. Luciferase reporter assay was performed to investigate the binding between miR-1305 and 3ʹ-UTR of MDM2. Western blot was applied to check the expression of MDM2 with miR-1305.
Results: Here, we found that miR-1305 was down-regulated in NSCLC tissues and cell lines. Decreased miR-1305 was significantly correlated with the metastasis and poor prognostics of NSCLC patients. Overexpression of miR-1305 inhibited the proliferation and migration and promoted the apoptosis of NSCLC cells. Bioinformatics and luciferase assay uncovered that the mouse/murine double minute 2 (MDM2) was a target of miR-1305. miR-1305 bound the 3ʹ-untranslated region (UTR) of MDM2 and decreased the expression of MDM2 in NSCLC cells. As MDM2 was a negative regulator of p53, decreased MDM2 by miR-1305 up-regulated the abundance of p53 in NSCLC cells. Restoration of MDM2 markedly attenuated the suppressive role of miR-1305 in the proliferation and migration of NSCLC cells.
Conclusion: The findings provided novel mechanism of miR-1305/MDM2 signaling in regulating the progression of NSCLC, suggesting miR-1305 as a promising target for the treatment of NSCLC.

Keywords: NSCLC, miR-1305, MDM2, p53

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