microRNA-548b suppresses aggressive phenotypes of hepatocellular carcinoma by directly targeting high-mobility group box 1 mRNA
Authors Yun Z, Meng F, Jiang P, Yue M, Li S
Received 18 December 2018
Accepted for publication 7 April 2019
Published 25 June 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 5821—5834
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Professor Nakshatri
Zhennan Yun,1 Fanqi Meng,1 Peiqiang Jiang,2 Meng Yue,1 Shiquan Li1
1Department of Colorectal and Anal Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130021, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130021, People’s Republic of China
Background and purpose: An increasing number of studies have revealed that microRNAs (miRNAs) are the main drivers of hepatocarcinogenesis including progression to later stages of liver cancer. Recently, miR-548b was identified as a cancer-related miRNA in glioma and tongue squamous cell carcinoma. Nonetheless, the expression pattern and specific roles of miR-548b in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have not yet been clarified.
Methods: Expression levels of miR-548b in HCC tissues and cell lines were measured by reverse-transcription quantitative PCR. In vitro and in vivo functional assays were performed to determine the effects of miR-548b on the malignant phenotypes of HCC cells. In addition, the molecular mechanisms by which miR-548b regulates the initiation and progression of HCC were investigated in detail.
Results: miR-548b expression was weak in HCC tissues and cell lines. The low miR-548b expression significantly correlated with tumor size, TNM stage, and venous infiltration of HCC. In addition, exogenous miR-548b expression suppressed HCC cell proliferation, colony formation, and metastasis and induced apoptosis in vitro. Silencing of miR-548b exerted an opposite effect on these characteristics of HCC cells. Furthermore, miR-548b overexpression hindered tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistic analysis identified high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) as a direct target gene of miR-548b in HCC cells. Moreover, an HMGB1 knockdown reproduced the effects of miR-548b upregulation on HCC cells. Recovered HMGB1 expression reversed the effects of miR-548b on HCC cells. Notably, miR-548b overexpression deactivated the PI3K–AKT pathway in HCC cells in vitro and in vivo.
Conclusion: Our findings provide the first evidence that miR-548b restrains HCC progression, at least partially, by downregulating HMGB1 and deactivating the PI3K–AKT pathway. Thus, miR-548b might be a novel target for the development of new therapies for HCC.
Keywords: microRNA-548b, hepatocellular carcinoma, PI3K–AKT pathway, high-mobility group box 1, HMGB1
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