microRNA-451 protects neurons against ischemia/reperfusion injury-induced cell death by targeting CELF2
Authors Liu Q, Hu Y, Zhang M, Yan Y, Yu H, Ge L
Received 9 May 2018
Accepted for publication 28 July 2018
Published 23 October 2018 Volume 2018:14 Pages 2773—2782
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Ms Justinn Cochran
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Yu-Ping Ning
Qian Liu,1 Yaguang Hu,2 Min Zhang,3 Yousheng Yan,4 Hongmei Yu,1 Li Ge1
1Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, Gansu Provincial Hospital, Gansu 730000, China; 2Department of Pharmacy, Gansu Provincial Maternity and Child-Care Hospital, Gansu 730050, China; 3Department of Pathology, Gansu Provincial Hospital, Gansu 730000, China; 4National Centre for Human Genetic Resources, National Research Institute for Health and Family Planning, Beijing 100089, China
Objectives: miRNAs are a family of non-coding RNAs that affect cell growth, migration and apoptosis. However, little is known on the behavior of miRNAs in neurons. Hence, this work aimed to investigate the functions and roles of miRNA-451 in neurons induced by ischemia/reperfusion injury.
Materials and methods: In this study, we established a 12- or 24-hour oxygen and glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) cell model. miR-451 mimic, si-CUGBP Elav-like family member 2 (siCELF2), oeCELF2 and the corresponding negative controls were transfected into the 24-hour OGD/R cells. The transfection efficiency and the relative expression of miR-451 and CELF2 were measured using quantitative reverse transcription PCR and Western blot analysis. Cell viability, apoptosis, oxidative stress and cleaved-caspase-3 expression were assessed using Cell Counting Kit-8, LDH, SOD, malondialdehyde, ROS assays, flow cytometry and Western blot analysis upon miR-451 overexpression, CELF2 silencing or overexpression of both. Bioinformatics analysis and the dual-luciferase reporter assay were used to examine the relationship between CELF2 and miR-451 in the OGD/R cells.
Results: The results showed that miR-451 was downregulated in the OGD/R cells. The overexpression of miR-451 increased cell viability and SOD activity, but decreased apoptosis rate, levels of LDH, MDA, ROS and cleaved caspase-3 expression. CELF2 silencing inhibited apoptosis and oxidative stress. The results suggested that CELF2 was a target of miR-451, and that CELF2 overexpression alleviated the inhibitory effect of miR-451 on apoptosis and oxidative stress of the OGD/R cells.
Conclusion: The results demonstrated that miR-451 could protect cells against OGD/R-induced apoptosis and oxidative stress by targeting CELF2.
Keywords: miR-451, CELF2, I/R injury, neuron, oxidative stress, apoptosis
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