MicroRNA-384-5p/Beclin-1 As Potential Indicators For Epigallocatechin Gallate Against Cardiomyocytes Ischemia Reperfusion Injury By Inhibiting Autophagy Via PI3K/Akt Pathway
Authors Zhang C, Liang R, Gan X, Yang X, Chen L, Jian J
Received 11 June 2019
Accepted for publication 2 October 2019
Published 17 October 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 3607—3623
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Manfred Ogris
Chan Zhang,1 Ronggan Liang,2 Xiaowen Gan,2 Xiufang Yang,2 LingLin Chen,2 Jie Jian2
1Department of Pharmacology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Pharmacology, Guilin Medical University, Guilin, Guangxi, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Jie Jian
Department of Pharmacology, Guilin Medical University, 109, North 2nd Huancheng Road, Guilin, Guangxi 541004, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 183 7833 0768
Background/Aims: Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) has established protective actions against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury by regulating autophagy. However, little is known about the mechanisms of EGCG in posttranscriptional regulation in the process of cardioprotection. Here we studied whether microRNAs play a role in EGCG-induced cardioprotection.
Methods: The myocardial I/R injury in vitro and in vivo model were made, with or without EGCG pretreatment. The upregulation and silencing of microRNA-384-5p (miR-384) and Beclin-1 in H9c2 cell lines were established. Rats were transfected with miR-384 specific shRNA. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was conducted to verify the relationship between miR-384 and Beclin-1. TTC staining was performed to analyze the area of myocardial infarct size. Cell viability was monitored by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). The release of cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) was examined by ELISA. The levels of autophagy-related genes or proteins expression were evaluated by qRT-PCR or Western blotting. Autophagosomes of myocardial cells were detected by transmission electron microscopy and laser scanning confocal microscope.
Results: I/R increased both autophagosomes and autolysosomes, thereby increasing autophagic flux both in vitro and in vivo. Pretreatment with EGCG attenuated I/R-induced autophagic flux expression, accompanied by an increase in cell viability and a decrease in the size of myocardial infarction. MiR-384 expression was down-regulated in H9c2 cell lines when subjected to I/R, while this suppression could be reversed by EGCG pretreatment. The dual-luciferase assay verified that Beclin-1 was a target of miR-384. Both overexpression of miR-384 and knocking down of Beclin-1 significantly inhibited I/R-induced autophagy, accompanied by the activation of PI3K/Akt pathway, thus enhanced the protective effect of EGCG. However, these functions were abrogated by the PI3K inhibitor, LY294002.
Conclusion: We confirmed that EGCG has a protective role in microRNA-384-mediated autophagy by targeting Beclin-1 via activating the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Our results unveiled a novel role of EGCG in myocardial protection, involving posttranscriptional regulation with miRNA-384.
Keywords: epigallocatechin gallate, ischemia/reperfusion, autophagy, microRNA-384-5p, Beclin-1, PI3K/Akt pathway
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]