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MicroRNA-195: a review of its role in cancers

Authors Yu W, Liang X, Li X, Zhang Y, Sun Z, Liu Y, Wang J

Received 11 August 2018

Accepted for publication 25 September 2018

Published 17 October 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 7109—7123


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Arseniy Yuzhalin

Wanpeng Yu,1 Xiao Liang,2 Xiangdong Li,3 Yuan Zhang,1 Zhenqing Sun,4 Ying Liu,1 Jianxun Wang1

1Institute for Translational Medicine, Medical College of Qingdao University, Qingdao 266021, China; 2College of Veterinary Medicine, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao 266109, China; 3State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, College of Biological Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China; 4Department of General Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao 266003, China

Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small and highly conserved noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the posttranscriptional level by binding to the 3'-UTR of target mRNAs. Recently, increasing evidence has highlighted their profound roles in various pathological processes, including human cancers. Deregulated miRNAs function as either oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes in multiple cancer types. Among them, miR-195 has been reported to significantly impact oncogenicity in various neoplasms by binding to critical genes and signaling pathways, enhancing or inhibiting the progression of cancers. In this review, we focus on the expression of miR-195 in regulatory mechanisms and tumor biological processes and discuss the future potential therapeutic implications of diverse types of human malignancies.

Keywords: miR-195, cancers, biological processes, biomarker

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