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Metadherin Promotes Malignant Phenotypes And Induces Beta-Catenin Nuclear Translocation And Epithelial–Mesenchymal Transition In Gastric Cancer

Authors Feng D, Yu X, Tian X, Meng H, Jiang Y, Song H, Li W, Zhang H, Geng J

Received 1 July 2019

Accepted for publication 29 September 2019

Published 11 October 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 8911—8921

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S221422

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Lu-Zhe Sun


Di Feng,1 Xiaoyu Yu,1 Xing Tian,2 Hongxue Meng,1 Yang Jiang,1 HongTao Song,1 WenQi Li,1 HaoCheng Zhang,3 Jingshu Geng1

1Department of Pathology, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150081, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Microbiology and Center of Infectious Disease, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Pharmacy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150070, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Jingshu Geng
Department of Pathology, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, 7th Floor, Outpatient Building, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150081, People’s Republic of China
Email gengjingshu@yeah.net

Purpose: Metadherin (MTDH), as an oncogene, is associated with metastasis and poor prognosis. This study investigated MTDH expressions and development of gastric cancer (GC) cell phenotypes and the contribution of MTDH to epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT).
Patients and methods: MTDH expression was assayed in human GC cell lines and tumor tissue from 92 GC patients. Functional experiments were performed to characterize MTDH activity. Expressions of EMT-related proteins (vimentin and E-cadherin), phosphorylated β-catenin and β-catenin were assayed by immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, immunofluorescence, and co-immunoprecipitation, respectively.
Results: MTDH expressions were higher in GC tissue than that in gastric mucosa from the same patient. MTDH overexpression was correlated with metastasis and enhanced malignant GC phenotypes, i.e., proliferation, migration, invasiveness, and chemoresistance. MTDH overexpression was associated with expressions of vimentin, E-cadherin and cancer stem-cell biomarkers including CD44, CD133, and Oct4. MTDH complexed with β-catenin and decreased phosphorylated β-catenin levels to facilitate β-catenin translocation into the nucleus and expressions of downstream genes.
Conclusion: MTDH overexpression in GC cells is associated with EMT and development of cancer stem cell malignant phenotypes and affects the subcellular translocation of β-catenin. The results warrant investigation of the prognostic value of MTDH in GC and as a therapeutic target.

Keywords: metadherin, gastric cancer, CD44, β-catenin, cancer stem cells

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