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Medical management of recurrent endometrioma with long-term norethindrone acetate

Authors Muneyyirci-Delale O, Anopa J, Charles C, Mathur D, Parris R, Cutler JB, Salame G, Abulafia O

Received 3 November 2011

Accepted for publication 16 December 2011

Published 30 March 2012 Volume 2012:4 Pages 149—154


Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Ozgul Muneyyirci-Delale1,2, Jenny Anopa1, Cassandra Charles1, Deepali Mathur1, Rudolph Parris1, Jed B Cutler2, Ghadir Salame1,2, Ovadia Abulafia1,2

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, New York, NY, USA; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kings County Hospital Center, New York, NY, USA

Purpose: Evaluate the efficacy of norethindrone acetate in the resolution of symptoms and regression of recurrent endometrioma.
Patients and methods: Retrospective chart review at SUNY Downstate Medical Center of patients with a history of surgical excision of endometrioma (with histological confirmation) and recurrent endometrioma (demonstrated by strict sonographic criterion of endometrioma) who were willing to undergo follow-up. Patients were prescribed norethindrone acetate to be taken daily with follow-up sonograms until cysts regressed. Statistical analysis included Student's t-test and a simple linear regression model to assess cyst regression over time during treatment.
Results: Degree of pain was significantly lower on treatment when compared to baseline (P < 0.00001). Cyst size was significantly smaller in as little as 3 months (P < 0.0001). Average rate of regression with continuous treatment was 0.025 ± 0.015 cm/day. Total mean ± standard deviation regression time is 10.28 ± 8.25 months.
Conclusion: Norethindrone acetate was effective in eradicating symptoms and producing complete regression of recurrent endometriomas. It should be considered for patients who are likely to adhere to a prolonged treatment regimen and comply with recommendations for surveillance with serial sonograms.

Keywords: endometriosis, regression, dysmenorrhea, medical therapy

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