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Mechanism of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Treating Knee Osteoarthritis

Authors Wang M, Liu L, Zhang CS, Liao Z, Jing X, Fishers M, Zhao L, Xu X, Li B

Received 31 January 2020

Accepted for publication 24 May 2020

Published 15 June 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 1421—1429

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S247827

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Michael A Überall


Mina Wang,1,2 Lu Liu,1,3 Claire Shuiqing Zhang,4 Zehuan Liao,5,6 Xianghong Jing,3 Marc Fishers,7 Luopeng Zhao,1,8 Xiaobai Xu,1 Bin Li1

1Acupuncture and Moxibustion Department, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing Key Laboratory of Acupuncture Neuromodulation, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 2Graduate School, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, People’s Republic of China; 3Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; 4School of Health and Biomedical Sciences, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; 5School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637551; 6Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology (MTC), Karolinska Institutet, Biomedicum, Stockholm SE-17177, Sweden; 7Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Centre and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; 8Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Bin Li
Acupuncture and Moxibustion Department, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing Key Laboratory of Acupuncture Neuromodulation, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 18910781852
Email libin@bjzhongyi.com

Abstract: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a degenerative disease, making a unique contribution to chronic pain, edema, and limited mobility of knee joint. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is a common complementary therapy for KOA and has been found effective. The aim of this review is to consolidate the current knowledge about the mechanism of four interventions of TCM: acupuncture, moxibustion, herbs, and massage in treating KOA, and how they alleviate symptoms such as pain, swelling, and dysfunction. Furthermore, this review highlights that four therapies have different mechanisms but all of them can manage KOA through inhibiting inflammation, which indicates that alternative therapies should be considered as a viable complementary treatment for pain management in clinical practice.

Keywords: knee osteoarthritis, acupuncture, moxibustion, herbs, massage

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