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Measuring scales used for assessment of patients with traumatic brain injury: multicenter studies

Authors Ślusarz R, Jabłońska R, Królikowska A, Haor B, Barczykowska E, Biercewicz M, Głowacka M, Szrajda J

Received 26 February 2015

Accepted for publication 29 April 2015

Published 30 June 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 869—875

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S83551

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen

Robert Ślusarz,1 Renata Jabłońska,1 Agnieszka Królikowska,1 Beata Haor,1 Ewa Barczykowska,2 Monika Biercewicz,3 Mariola Głowacka,2 Justyna Szrajda4

1Neurological and Neurosurgical Nursing Department, 2Nursing Department, 3Clinic of Geriatrics, 4Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, Poland

Background: Application of adequate numeric scales is essential for assessment of a patient’s condition. The scales most commonly used by the therapeutic team for assessment of a patient with traumatic brain injury (TBI) include deficit scales, functional scales, and scales assessing quality of life. The purpose of this study was to establish the relationships between the particular scales used for assessment of patients with TBI.
Methods: This multicenter study included 159 patients with TBI. The direct observation technique was used. Two measurements were made (at hospital admission and discharge) using standardized assessment scales, ie, the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), the Functional Capacity Scale (FCS), the Functional Index “Repty” (FIR), and the Glasgow Outcome Scale.
Results: Patients with mild impairment of consciousness were most numerous in the examined group at both admission and discharge, ie, 118 (78.8%) and 134 patients (89.3%), respectively. The mean score for functional capacity measured with the FCS was 34.41 points (71.7%) on the day of admission and 41.87 points (87.2%) on the day of discharge from hospital. A significant correlation was found between results obtained using the GCS and results on the FIR, on both the day of admission [R t(n-2) =7.612=0.530; P=0.00] and the day of discharge [R t(n-2) =8.998=0.595; P=0.00]. Further, a high correlation was found between the FCS and the FIR (rs= -0.854 on day of admission and rs= -0.840 on day of discharge).
Conclusion: The majority of examined patients had mild impairment of consciousness. A moderate correlation was found between the GCS and the scales assessing activities of daily living. A high correlation was found between FCS and FIR, which may result from the similarities between the analyzed tools in the scope of their construction and application.

Keywords: head trauma, assessment tools, numeric scales

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