Mapping Regional Well-Being in the Universal Health Coverage System in Taiwan
Authors Wang F, Weng H
Received 26 June 2020
Accepted for publication 9 September 2020
Published 8 October 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 2027—2035
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto
Fuhmei Wang,1 Haolun Weng2
1Department of Economics in College of Social Science and Department of Public Health in College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; 2Department of Economics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
Correspondence: Fuhmei Wang
Department of Economics in College of Social Science and Department of Public Health in College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
Purpose: Regarding the universal health coverage (UHC) goal of eliminating health disparity, this study seeks to examine whether this objective has actually been achieved and whether residence affects health and well-being inequality.
Methods: Based on Taiwan’s experience with its UHC system, this research quantifies health and well-being indicators, including quality-adjusted life expectancy (QALE), consumption, and utility-adjusted life expectancy (UALE), and uses the geographic information system (GIS) to map regional well-being throughout Taiwan. Using spatial lag regressions, this study estimates how residence and socio-economic factors affect population’s well-being.
Results: Estimation results indicate a 1‰ increase in the mortality rate reduces the population’s UALE by 0.4131 utility-adjusted life-years (UALYs). The differences in health and well-being indicators between urban and rural residents were 6.49 quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) and 3.84 UALYs. Residents living in Taipei City had the highest level of QALE, consumption, and well-being, and those in Taitung County had the lowest level of QALE and well-being. The regional spatial autocorrelation results show that a population’s health status and well-being are connected to residence.
Conclusion: Our estimation results show that risk of higher mortality rates in disadvantaged areas appears to be associated with well-being inequality, even with universal healthcare coverage. We suspect that related health intervention efforts, such as preventive and curative medical devotion, in Taiwan might not have effectively reached more rural residents, and thus recommend more work be undertaken to reduce mortality rates in these communities.
Keywords: quality of life, utility-adjusted life expectancy, universal health coverage
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