Management of oropharyngeal candidiasis with localized oral miconazole therapy: efficacy, safety, and patient acceptability
Curtis D Collins1, Sarah Cookinham2, Jeannina Smith2
1Department of Pharmacy Services, 2Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Abstract: Oropharyngeal candidiasis is a very common localized infection of the mucus membranes of the oropharynx that is most commonly caused by the patient's own commensal Candida albicans. It is the most common opportunistic infection affecting patients with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and is also quite common in patients with hematological malignancies. Effective treatment options are of high importance given the worldwide incidence of these disease states and the potential for development of oropharyngeal candidiasis in these patients. Various systemic and topical treatment options for patients with oropharyngeal candidiasis have existed for many years. Miconazole buccal tablets have recently been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis. Clinical trials have demonstrated noninferiority in the treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis when compared with clotrimazole troches in patients with HIV and against miconazole gel in patients with head and neck cancer. Miconazole buccal tablets exhibit few drug interactions because of low systemic absorption and are generally well tolerated with a safety profile similar to comparators. The once-daily dosing schedule may improve patient adherence compared with topical alternatives; however, the cost of therapy may be a barrier for some patients and should be considered by prescribers compared with alternative treatments.
Keywords: esophageal candidiasis, miconazole, antifungal agents
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