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Management of acute abdomen in pregnancy: current perspectives

Authors Zachariah SK, Fenn M, Jacob K, Arthungal SA, Zachariah SA

Received 8 July 2018

Accepted for publication 25 November 2018

Published 8 February 2019 Volume 2019:11 Pages 119—134


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Elie Al-Chaer

Sanoop Koshy Zachariah,1 Miriam Fenn,2 Kirthana Jacob,2 Sherin Alias Arthungal,1 Sudeeptha Anna Zachariah3

1Department of General, Gastrointestinal & Laparoscopic Surgery, MOSC Medical College, Kolenchery Cochin, Cochin 682311, India; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, MOSC Medical College, Kolenchery Cochin, Cochin 682311, India; 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sultan Qaboos Hospital, Salalah PO 601, Oman

Abstract: Acute abdomen in pregnancy represents a unique diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Acute abdominal pain in pregnancy can occur due to obstetric factors as well for reasons that are unrelated to pregnancy. The diagnostic approach of acute abdomen during pregnancy can be tricky owing to the altered clinical presentations brought about by the anatomical and physiological changes of gestation along with the reluctance to use certain radiological investigations for fear of harming the fetus. Delay in diagnosis and treatment can lead to adverse outcomes for both the mother and fetus. In this article, we attempt to review and discuss the various etiologies, the current concepts of diagnosis, and treatment, with a view to developing a strategy for timely diagnosis and management of pregnant women presenting with acute abdominal pain.

Keywords: ectopic pregnancy, rupture uterus, abdominal pain, appendicitis, cholecystitis, acute abdomen, pregnancy

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