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MALAT1 promotes proliferation, migration, and invasion of MG63 cells by upregulation of TGIF2 via negatively regulating miR-129

Authors Liu K, Zhang YG, Liu L, Yuan QL

Received 7 August 2018

Accepted for publication 24 October 2018

Published 4 December 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 8729—8740

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S182993

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Tohru Yamada


Kai Liu, Yingang Zhang, Liang Liu, Qiling Yuan

Department of Orthopedics, The First Affliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, China

Purpose: This article aimed to investigate the mechanism by which MALAT1 and miR-129 affected the development of osteosarcoma.
Methods: Tumor tissues and adjacent tissues of 23 osteosarcoma patients were collected. Normal osteoblasts hFOB1.19 and osteosarcoma cells MG63 were cultured. MG63 cells were transfected and grouped: si-negative control (NC) group, si-MALAT1 group, miR-129 NC group, miR-129 mimics group, p-Empty vector group, p-MALAT1 group, p-MALAT1+ miR-129 mimics group, and p-MALAT1+ si-TGIF2 group. Luciferase reporter assay, Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, Transwell assay, quantitative reverse transcription PCR, Western blot, and Pearson correlation analysis were performed.
Results: MALAT1 expression in tumor tissues and MG63 cells was increased (P<0.01). High MALAT1 expression predicted poor prognosis of osteosarcoma patients. MG63 cells of si-MALAT1 group exhibited much lower cell viability, migration, and invasive cell numbers when compared with si-NC group (P<0.01). For MG63 cells of miR-129 mimics group, they had markedly lower cell viability, migration, and invasive cell numbers than miR-129 NC group (P<0.01). miR-129 was targetedly and negatively regulated by MALAT1. TGIF2, which was targetedly and negatively regulated by miR-129, was overexpressed in tumor tissues and MG63 cells (P<0.01). miR-129 overexpresison and TGIF2 downregulation significantly reversed the enhanced cell viability, migration, and invasion induced by MALAT1 (P<0.01).
Conclusion: MALAT1 promotes TGIF2 expression through negative regulation of miR-129, which further promotes the proliferation, migration, and invasion of MG63 cells.

Keywords: MALAT1, miR-129, TGIF2, osteosarcoma, invasion, prognosis

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