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Magnitude of Under Nutrition and Associated Factors Among Adolescent Street Children at Jimma Town, South West Ethiopia

Authors Bekele Daba D, Shaweno T, Taye Belete K, Workicho A

Received 4 October 2019

Accepted for publication 24 January 2020

Published 24 February 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 31—39

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDS.S233393

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Chandrika Piyathilake


Derese Bekele Daba,1 Tamrat Shaweno,2 Kefyalew Taye Belete,1 Abdulhalik Workicho2

1Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia; 2Departement of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

Correspondence: Kefyalew Taye Belete
Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Ambo University, P.O.Box 19, Ambo, Ethiopia
Tel +251 912 30 60 13
Email kefyalewtaye24@gmail.com

Background: Undernutrition is the major health problem in developing countries especially among underprivileged populations. In Ethiopia there is no clear information regarding the magnitude and forms of undernutrition and their associated factors among adolescent street children. This study assessed the magnitude of undernutrition and its associated factors among adolescent street children at Jimma town from March 1– 31, 2019.
Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 312 street children. Pretested self-administered structured questions were used for data collection. Data were entered to EpiData version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 20 for statistical analysis. WHO AnthroPlus software version 1.0.4 was used for computing standardized indicators of nutritional status. Independent variables with P-value ≤ 0.25 in bivariate analysis were included in multivariable logistic regression and variables with P-value < 0.05 in multivariable logistic regression were declared as statistically significant.
Results: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 312 street children from March 1– 31, 2019. The study found 29.2% (95%CI: 24– 34.0) and 30.4% (95%CI: 24.6– 35.3) magnitude of thinness and stunting respectively. Being female (AOR: 2.55; 95%CI: 1.16– 5.63), Ever skipped one or more daily meal per day (AOR: 6.56; 95%CI: 2.25– 19.15), low dietary diversity score (AOR: 1.86; 95%CI: 1.05– 3.27) and using unprotected water source (AOR: 1.78; 95%CI: 1.03– 3.05) were statistically significant factors for thinness whereas being in age group 15– 18 (AOR: 5.78; 95%CI: 3.20− 10.40) and ever used substance (AOR: 3.01; 95%CI: 1.17– 7.77) were statistically significant factors for stunting.
Conclusion: This study found that the magnitude of thinness and stunting was high among adolescent street children and a range of factors were observed that result in thinness and stunting. Service provisions targeting nutritional supply, personal and environmental sanitation should be given to these street children through intersectoral collaboration.

Keywords: adolescent, street children, stunting, thinness, undernutrition

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