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Magnetic resonance imaging analysis of work-related chronic low back pain: comparisons of different lumbar disc patterns

Authors Jiang X, Chen D

Received 18 January 2018

Accepted for publication 18 June 2018

Published 31 October 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 2687—2698

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S162988

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Erica Wegrzyn


Xin Jiang, Dong Chen

Department of Spine Surgery, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China

Background: Currently, there is a lack of comparative research about different lumbar disc patterns in patients with work-related chronic low back pain (CLBP) based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) analysis. Therefore, this study, on different patterns of lumbar disc degeneration or herniation in patients with CLBP, is valuable. In this study, we retrospectively investigated lumbar degenerative changes in patients with CLBP by using MRI analysis.
Materials and methods: Two hundred and eighty-three patients (110 women and 173 men) with work-related CLBP were enrolled and divided into four groups based on intervertebral disc morphology from MRI analysis, including normal discs (ND) group, degenerative discs (DD) group, bulging discs (BD) group, and herniated discs (HD) group. Demographic characteristics, occupational information, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores, and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores were analyzed. Moreover, multiple parameters were investigated in the MRI analysis.
Results: The mean age of all 283 patients was 41.8±12.0 years (range, 18–80) and the mean duration of CLBP for all patients was 24.5±24.9 months. There were no significant differences in the patients’ BMI, history of smoking, and education level (P>0.05). The three most common occupational types were manual worker, desk worker, and technician. The VAS and ODI scores of patients with CLBP in the DD, BD, and HD groups were significantly higher than those of patients in the ND group (P<0.05). The degrees of degeneration of L4/5 and L5/S1 were significantly higher than those of other intervertebral discs (P<0.05). The disc heights of L4/5 in the BD and HD groups were significantly lower than those of the ND group (P<0.05) and the disc height of L5/S1 in the HD group was significantly lower than that of the ND group (P<0.05). At the neutral position, the distances of L3/4, L4/5, and L5/S1 discs’ bulge/herniation in the BD and HD groups were significantly higher than those in the ND and DD groups (P<0.05).
Conclusion: In summary, more severe degenerative changes of lower lumbar discs (L4/5 and L5/S1) such as higher degree of degeneration of disc, lower disc height, and significant displacement of disc were found in patients with work-related CLBP based on MRI analysis.

Keywords: chronic low back pain, magnetic resonance imaging analysis, degenerative discs, bulging discs, herniated discs

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