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Low vision, visual impairments and metropolitan urban planning: example of a topographic enhancement, need and monitoring in an Italian city

Authors Nuzzi R, Bottacchi E, Monteu F

Received 13 May 2018

Accepted for publication 18 July 2018

Published 17 October 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 2107—2119

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S174006

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Andrew Yee

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Raffaele Nuzzi, Eleonora Bottacchi, Francesca Monteu

Eye Clinic, University of Turin, Molinette Hospital, Turin, Italy

Significance: The purpose of the study was to analyze all the steps needed to manage partially sighted or blind persons.
Purpose: The aim of the first research was to collect and analyze data and opinions regarding the mobility of visually disabled people in Turin. The aim of the second research was to assess issues, daily needs and expectations regarding the urban reclassification plan for Via Nizza (Turin).
Materials and methods: In the first study, we proposed a survey, partially structured and partially unstructured, of 100 patients enrolled in the Visual Rehabilitation Center of the Ophthalmic Hospital of Turin. In the second study, we collected data from a survey of eleven patients enrolled in the Turin section of the Italian Confederation of Blind.
Results: It was observed that the visually disabled population was not necessarily elderly (46% of the population was less than 60 years of age); it was observed that the visually disabled people were active frequently. Environmental aids considered more useful were sound traffic lights (30%) and gradient signaling (29%); the first was not widespread in urban areas and was the aid most requested by the patients enrolled (49%); 48% of enrolled patients did not use tactile maps. As regards the reclassification of the urban plan of the area in Turin, important needs and expectations were highlighted.
Conclusion: As regards urban planning in Turin as well as in other Italian cities, many changes in public facilities are to be done to ensure an increasing independence and safety of visually impaired people.

Keywords: visually disabled people, blindness, public facilities, environmental aids, sound traffic lights, gradient signaling

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