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Low-density lipoprotein-coupled micelles with reduction and pH dual sensitivity for intelligent co-delivery of paclitaxel and siRNA to breast tumor

Authors Zhu WJ, Yang SD, Qu CX, Zhu QL, Chen WL, Li F, Yuan ZQ, Liu Y, You BG, Zhang XN

Received 1 November 2016

Accepted for publication 3 March 2017

Published 26 April 2017 Volume 2017:12 Pages 3375—3393


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Lei Yang

Wen-jing Zhu,1,* Shu-di Yang,1,* Chen-xi Qu,1 Qiao-ling Zhu,1,2 Wei-liang Chen,1 Fang Li,1 Zhi-qiang Yuan,1 Yang Liu,1 Ben-gang You,1 Xue-nong Zhang1

1Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Soochow University, Suzhou, 2Department of Clinical Medicine, Nanjing Gulou Hospital, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major obstacle for the clinical therapy of malignant human cancers. The discovery of RNA interference provides efficient gene silencing within tumor cells for reversing MDR. In this study, a new “binary polymer” low-density lipoprotein–N-succinyl chitosan–cystamine–urocanic acid (LDL–NSC–SS–UA) with dual pH/redox sensitivity and targeting effect was synthesized for the co-delivery of breast cancer resistance protein small interfering RNA (siRNA) and paclitaxel (PTX). In vivo, the co-delivering micelles can accumulate in tumor tissue via the enhanced permeability and retention effect and the specific recognition and combination of LDL and LDL receptor, which is overexpressed on the surface of tumor cell membranes. The siRNA–PTX-loaded micelles inhibited gene and drug release under physiological conditions while promoting fast release in an acid microenvironment or in the presence of glutathione. The micelles escaped from the lysosome through the proton sponge effect. Additionally, the micelles exhibited superior antitumor activity and downregulated the protein and mRNA expression levels of breast cancer resistance protein in MCF-7/Taxol cells. The biodistribution and antitumor studies proved that the siRNA–PTX-loaded micelles possessed prolonged circulation time with a remarkable tumor-targeting effect and effectively inhibited tumor growth. Therefore, the novel dual pH/redox-sensitive polymers co-delivering siRNA and PTX with excellent biocompatibility and effective reversal of MDR demonstrate a considerable potential in cancer therapy.

multidrug resistance, micelle, co-delivery, environmentally sensitive, tumor targeting

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