Long-term tolerability of once-monthly injectable paliperidone palmitate in subjects with recently diagnosed schizophrenia
Jennifer Kern Sliwa,1 Cynthia A Bossie,1 Dong-Jing Fu,1 Ibrahim Turkoz,2 Larry Alphs1
1Janssen Scientific Affairs LLC, 2Janssen Research and Development, LLC, Titusville, NJ, USA
Background: A post hoc analysis from a multiphase trial with open-label transition and maintenance phases, a double-blind relapse prevention phase, and an optional open-label extension examined the long-term tolerability with continuous once-monthly injectable paliperidone palmitate 39, 78, 117, or 156 mg (25, 50, 75, or 100 mg equivalents [mg eq] of paliperidone) in subjects with recently diagnosed (≤5 years; n = 216) versus chronic illness (>5 years; n = 429) schizophrenia.
Methods: Adverse events reported at a ≥2% margin between subgroups were identified. Relative risks (in the recently diagnosed compared with the chronically ill) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were determined, and CI not including 1 were considered potentially significant.
Results: In both subgroups, the mean monthly dose was 109 mg (69.9 mg eq). Continuous mean exposures were 333.9 ± 271.9 and 308.7 ± 278.3 days in the recently diagnosed and chronic illness subgroups, respectively. Using the criteria outlined in the methods, nasopharyngitis was a potentially significant event reported in more chronically ill than recently diagnosed subjects at months 6, 9, 12, and endpoint (7.2% versus 2.8%; relative risk 0.384; 95% CI 0.163–0.907). Influenza (2.8% versus 0.7%; relative risk 3.9; 95% CI 1.003–15.730) and amenorrhea (3.2% versus 0.9%; relative risk 3.476; 95% CI 1.029–11.744) at endpoint were potentially significant events in more recently diagnosed than chronically ill subjects. Mean weight changes, sedation/somnolence, any extrapyramidal symptom-related or glucose-related events were generally similar between the groups. The mean prolactin level increased in both sexes in both subgroups (changes from baseline of +41.8 ng/mL and +26.5 ng/mL in recently diagnosed and chronic illness females and +12.3 ng/mL and +15.1 ng/mL in recently diagnosed and chronic illness males, respectively), and were higher in females with recently diagnosed illness than in females who were chronically ill (P = 0.0002 at endpoint). Prolactin-related events were reported by 7.9% of recently diagnosed subjects with schizophrenia and 3.5% of those who were chronically ill.
Conclusion: The long-term tolerability of paliperidone palmitate was generally similar in recently diagnosed schizophrenia subjects and those with more chronic illness, with the exception of some prolactin-related measures.
Keywords: paliperidone palmitate, long-acting antipsychotic, recently diagnosed, early illness, schizophrenia
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