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Long-term results of definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy using S-1 in the treatment of geriatric patients with esophageal cancer

Authors Lv S, Fang M, Yang J, Zhan W, Jia Y, Xu H, Song T

Received 2 March 2016

Accepted for publication 6 July 2016

Published 6 September 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 5389—5397


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Narasimha Reddy Parine

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Min Li

Shiliang Lv, Min Fang, Jia Yang, Wenming Zhan, Yongshi Jia, Hong’en Xu, Tao Song

Department of Radiotherapy, Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficiency and safety of using S-1 as monotherapy and maintenance therapy combined with definitive concurrent radiotherapy for elderly patients with esophageal cancer.
Patients and methods: From January 2009 to December 2010, 68 elderly patients were included. Radiotherapy was delivered with a daily fraction of 1.8–2.0 Gy to a total radiation dose of 54.0–60.0 Gy. Preplanned concurrent S-1 (80 mg/m2/d) was given on days 1–14, every 3 weeks. After concurrent chemoradiotherapy, maintenance S-1 was repeated up to four cycles.
Results: The median age of the enrolled patients was 76 years (range: 70–88 years), and the clinical stages were stage I (two patients), stage II (24 patients), stage III (28 patients), and stage IV (14 patients). A total of 51 (75.0%) patients finished treatment on schedule, with a median of five cycles of S-1, in which 35 (51.5%) patients achieved complete response. The median follow-up time was 42.7 months, and the median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) times were 25.7 months and 21.5 months, respectively. The 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year OS and PFS rates were 70.6%, 41.8%, and 25.9% and 68.1%, 32.9%, and 15.9%, respectively. Grade ≥3 neutropenia and leukopenia were found in 14 patients and 13 patients, respectively. The most common nonhematologic toxicity was esophagitis including six patients and one patient with grades 3 and 4, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that cycles of S-1 and complete response were strong factors for OS and PFS.
Conclusion: For geriatric patients with esophageal cancer, S-1 as monotherapy and maintenance chemotherapy in combination with definitive concurrent radiation therapy yielded satisfactory survival outcomes with tolerable toxicities. More studies are highly warranted to further clarify this issue.

Keywords: esophageal cancer, geriatric, chemoradiotherapy, S-1, survival

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