Back to Journals » Pediatric Health, Medicine and Therapeutics » Volume 3

Long-term outcomes of pediatric hypospadias and surgical intervention

Authors De Win G, Cuckow P, Hoebeke P, Wood D

Received 1 May 2012

Accepted for publication 24 May 2012

Published 18 October 2012 Volume 2012:3 Pages 69—77


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Gunter De Win,1,2 Peter Cuckow,3 Piet Hoebeke,4 Dan Wood2

Adolescent and Pediatric Urology, University Hospital, Antwerp, Belgium; 2Adolescent Urology, University College London Hospitals, UK; 3Pediatric Urology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children, London, UK; 4Pediatric Urology, University Hospital, Gent, Belgium

Abstract: Hypospadias is one of the most commonly diagnosed male congenital disorders. Many surgical techniques are described and complications often reported include fistula, wound dehiscence, and meatal stenosis. Many surgeons still believe that hypospadias should be surgically corrected before the age of 12 months. However, it is clear that the longer the follow up, the more complications are reported. Correction of a failed hypospadias repair in adult patients can be challenging. While the need for repair of proximal hypospadias during childhood is evident, distal repair during childhood is questionable. Evidence suggests that the psychosexual and functional outcomes of nonoperated distal hypospadias in the adult population are good. Therefore, the benefit of surgery and the burden of complications must be carefully evaluated. This paper highlights the difficulties inherent in decisions related to the assessment of hypospadias, the need for repair, and the paucity of good long-term data.

Keywords: hypospadias, chordee, urethroplasty, fistula, stricture, hypospadias complications

Creative Commons License © 2012 The Author(s). This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.