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Long-Term Effectiveness of a Home-Based Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Older People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Retrospective Study

Authors Gephine S, Le Rouzic O, Machuron F, Wallaert B, Chenivesse C, Saey D, Maltais F, Mucci P, Grosbois JM

Received 22 June 2020

Accepted for publication 22 September 2020

Published 15 October 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 2505—2514


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Sarah Gephine,1,2 Olivier Le Rouzic,3,4 François Machuron,5 Benoit Wallaert,3 Cécile Chenivesse,3,4 Didier Saey,2 François Maltais,2 Patrick Mucci,1 Jean-Marie Grosbois6

1Univ. Lille, Univ. Artois, Univ. Littoral Côte d’Opale, ULR 7369 - URePSSS - Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Sport Santé Société, Lille F-59000, France; 2Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Québec, Université Laval, Québec, Canada; 3CHU Lille, Service de Pneumologie et Immuno-Allergologie, Centre de Référence Constitutif des Maladies Pulmonaires Rares, Lille F-59000, France; 4Univ. Lille, Lille F-59000, France; 5Department of Biostatistics, Univ. Lille, CHU Lille, EA 2694 - Santé Publique: Épidémiologie et Qualité des Soins, Lille F-59000, France; 6FormAction Santé, Pérenchies, France

Correspondence: Jean-Marie Grosbois
FormAction Santé, Pérenchies, Zone d’Activité du Bois, Rue de Pietralunga, Pérenchies, F-59840, France

Background: Long-term effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is still uncertain in older people with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The objective was to compare the effects of home-based PR in people with COPD above and below the age of 70 years.
Methods: In this retrospective study, 480 people with COPD were recruited and divided into those ≤ 70 (n=341) and those > 70 years of age (n=139). All participants underwent an 8 weeks of home-based PR, consisting of a weekly supervised 90-minute home session. Six-minute stepper test (6MST), timed-up and go test (TUG), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Visual Simplified Respiratory Questionnaire (VSRQ) were assessed at baseline (M0), at 2 (M2), 8 (M8), 14 (M14) months after baseline.
Results: The older group was described by fewer current smokers (p < 0.001), more long-term oxygen therapy use (p = 0.024), higher prevalence of comorbidities (p< 0.001), lower 6MST score and higher TUG score (p< 0.001), compared to the younger group. Both groups improved every outcome at M2 compared to baseline. At M2, 88% of people ≤ 70 years of age and 79% of those above 70 were considered as responders in at least one evaluated parameter (p = 0.013). Both groups maintained the benefits at M14, except for the VSRQ score and the number of responders to this outcome in the older group.
Conclusion: Regardless of the age, personalized home-based PR was effective for people with COPD in the short term. Above 70 years, an ageing effect appeared on the long-term effectiveness of quality of life benefit.

Keywords: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, exercise tolerance, pulmonary rehabilitation, quality of life, older age

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