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Long Noncoding RNA VPS9D1-AS1 Sequesters microRNA-525-5p to Promote the Oncogenicity of Colorectal Cancer Cells by Upregulating HMGA1

Authors Liu H, Zhang X, Jin X, Yang Y, Liang G, Ma Y, Wang B

Received 24 July 2020

Accepted for publication 3 September 2020

Published 9 October 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 9915—9928

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S273687

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Sanjeev Srivastava


Hairui Liu,1 Xueying Zhang,2 Xianmei Jin,3 Yubo Yang,1 Guodong Liang,1 Yuehan Ma,1 Bing Wang4

1Department of Abdominal Surgery, Jilin Cancer Hospital, Changchun, Jilin 130021, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Oncology Medicine, Jilin Cancer Hospital, Changchun, Jilin 130021, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Childhood Solid Tumor, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130021, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Radiotherapy, Jilin Cancer Hospital, Changchun, Jilin 130021, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Bing Wang
Department of Radiotherapy, Jilin Cancer Hospital, 1018, Huguang Road, Changchun, Jilin 130021, People’s Republic of China
Email [email protected]

Background: The long noncoding RNA VPS9D1 antisense RNA 1 (VPS9D1-AS1) has emerged as a critical regulator in non-small-cell lung, gastric, and prostate cancers. In this study, we measured the expression levels of VPS9D1-AS1 in colorectal cancer (CRC) and determined the role of VPS9D1-AS1 in regulating the biological activities of CRC cells. In addition, we thoroughly elucidated the molecular mechanism mediating the oncogenic activities of VPS9D1-AS1 in CRC.
Methods: The expression levels of VPS9D1-AS1 in CRC tissues and cell lines were detected via quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Loss-of-function experiments were performed to detect the effects of VPS9D1-AS1 silencing on CRC cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion as well as on tumor growth in vivo. Bioinformatics analysis predicted the potential microRNAs (miRNAs) interacting with VPS9D1-AS1, and this prediction was further confirmed via RNA immunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter assays.
Results: Our results demonstrated the upregulated expression of VPS9D1-AS1 in CRC tissues and cell lines. Functionally, VPS9D1-AS1 interference suppressed CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and promoted cell apoptosis in vitro. In addition, the loss of VPS9D1-AS1 hindered tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistic studies identified VPS9D1-AS1 as a competing endogenous RNA in CRC cells, in which VPS9D1-AS1 acted as a molecular sponge of miR-525-5p and consequently increased the expression of high-mobility group AT-hook 1 (HMGA1). Moreover, rescue experiments revealed that the regulatory effects of VPS9D1-AS1 deficiency on CRC cells were abolished after miR-525-5p inhibition or HMGA1 restoration.
Conclusion: The newly identified competing endogenous RNA pathway involving VPS9D1-AS1, miR-525-5p, and HMGA1 is implicated in the control of CRC progression and may provide an effective target for CRC diagnosis and therapy.

Keywords: VPS9D1 antisense RNA 1, colorectal cancer, competing endogenous RNA model, therapeutic target

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