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Long Non-Coding RNA PART1 Promotes Proliferation, Migration and Invasion of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells via miR-149-5p/MAP2K1 Axis

Authors Zhou C, Wang P, Tu M, Huang Y, Xiong F, Wu Y

Received 16 January 2020

Accepted for publication 11 May 2020

Published 21 May 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 3771—3782

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S246311

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Harikrishna Nakshatri


Chao Zhou,1,* Pu Wang,1,* Mengtian Tu,1 Yi Huang,2 Fei Xiong,1 Yue Wu3

1Department of Gastroenterology, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences & Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan 610072, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences & Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital, Sichuan 610072, People’s Republic of China; 3Personalized Drug Therapy Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Department of Pharmacy, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences & Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital, Sichuan 610072, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Yue Wu
Department of Pharmacy, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences & Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital, No. 32 West Second Section First Ring Road, Chengdu, Sichuan, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-028-87393405
Email zegyex@163.com

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary hepatic malignancy worldwide. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as effective markers for the detection of multiple cancers. This study aimed to illuminate the mechanism of prostate androgen regulated transcript 1 (PART1) in HCC.
Materials and Methods: The levels of PART1, miR-149-5p and mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 (MAP2K1) mRNA were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assay. Cell proliferation was assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, and cell migration and invasion were evaluated by transwell assay. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was carried out to examine the relationship among PART1, miR-149-5p and MAP2K1. Western blot assay was conducted to measure the protein expression of MAP2K1.
Results: PART1 and MAP2K1 expression were greatly increased and miR-149-5p level was decreased in HCC tissues. Functional analysis revealed that the si-PART1 inhibited proliferation, migration and invasion of HCC cells. PART1 directly bound to miR-149-5p and miR-149-5p level was down-regulated by PART1. Moreover, restoration experiment demonstrated that the effect of PART1 knockdown on HCC cell progression could be partially rescued by miR-149-5p depletion. MiR-149-5p was predicted to target MAP2K1 and MAP2K1 expression was negatively modulated by miR-149-5p. Also, MAP2K1 rescued the inhibitory effects of miR-149-5p overexpression on proliferation, migration and invasion in HCC cells. Besides, the inhibition of miR-149-5p weakened the impact on MAP2K1 expression mediated by PART1 repression.
Conclusion: PART1 promoted proliferation, migration and invasion of HCC cells by regulating miR-149-5p/MAP2K1 axis.

Keywords: hepatocellular carcinoma, PART1, miR-149-5p, MAP2K1

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