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Local ablative therapy with or without chemotherapy for non-small-cell lung cancer patients with postoperative oligometastases

Authors Shang S, Su Y, Zhu Z, Li B, Guo M, Xu Y, Sun X, Wang L, Yu J

Received 28 August 2018

Accepted for publication 25 October 2018

Published 27 November 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 6421—6429

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S185592

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Ahmet Emre Eskazan


Shuheng Shang,1,2 Yi Su,3 Zhaofeng Zhu,4 Butuo Li,2,5 Meiying Guo,1,2 Yiyue Xu,1,2 Xindong Sun,2 Linlin Wang,2 Jinming Yu2


1Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, China; 2Department of Radiation Oncology, Shandong Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Shandong Academy of Medical Science, Jinan, China; 3Department of Radiotherapy, The Affiliated Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital of Qingdao University Institution, Yantai, China; 4Department of Radiotherapy, Tai’an Central Hospital, Tai’an, China; 5Department of Radiation Oncology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China


Background: The optimal treatment strategy for patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with postoperative oligometastases is poorly defined. This two-institution analysis sought to retrospectively compare the efficacy and toxicity of local ablative treatment plus chemotherapy vs local treatment alone in patients with NSCLC who developed oligometastases after surgery.
Patients and methods: Among patients who underwent surgery for stage I–III NSCLC, 163 patients with oligometastases were enrolled between 2005 and 2016 in this study. All patients had ≤5 metachronous metastases with a disease-free interval (DFI) of ≥6 months after surgery. Patients with a second primary cancer, local recurrence, or driver mutations were excluded. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), objective response rate (ORR), failure patterns, and treatment-related toxicities were compared between groups receiving local ablative treatment plus chemotherapy and local treatment alone.
Results: A total of 105 patients who underwent local ablative therapy combined with chemotherapy and 58 patients who received local ablative therapy alone were included in this study. The median follow-up was 19 (range, 1.5–107) months. The combination therapy group had a higher ORR than the local therapy alone group (66.7% vs 46.5%, P=0.012), while the median PFS was 10 vs 7 months (P=0.006) and the median OS was 19 vs 18.5 months (P=0.498), respectively. By multivariate analysis, combination therapy and DFI ≥24 months were associated with superior PFS. Age was the only independent prognostic factor for OS (P<0.001). The incidences of grade ≥3 adverse events were higher in the combination treatment group.
Conclusion: Local ablative therapy plus chemotherapy conferred higher ORR and prolonged PFS but did not improve OS in NSCLC patients with postoperative oligometastases. Further prospective and randomized trials are urgently needed to validate these findings.

Keywords: postoperation, oligometastases, non-small-cell lung cancer, local ablative therapy, chemotherapy
 

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