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Lobar analysis of collapsibility indices to assess functional lung volumes in COPD patients

Authors Kitano M, Iwano S, Hashimoto N, Matsuo K, Hasegawa Y, Naganawa S

Received 12 August 2014

Accepted for publication 1 October 2014

Published 9 December 2014 Volume 2014:9(1) Pages 1347—1356

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S72616

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Mariko Kitano,1 Shingo Iwano,1 Naozumi Hashimoto,2 Keiji Matsuo,3 Yoshinori Hasegawa,2 Shinji Naganawa1

1Department of Radiology, 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan; 3Department of Radiology, Ichinomiya Municipal Hospital, Ichinomiya, Aichi, Japan

Background: We investigated correlations between lung volume collapsibility indices and pulmonary function test (PFT) results and assessed lobar differences in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, using paired inspiratory and expiratory three dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) images.
Methods: We retrospectively assessed 28 COPD patients who underwent paired inspiratory and expiratory CT and PFT exams on the same day. A computer-aided diagnostic system calculated total lobar volume and emphysematous lobar volume (ELV). Normal lobar volume (NLV) was determined by subtracting ELV from total lobar volume, both for inspiratory phase (NLVI) and for expiratory phase (NLVE). We also determined lobar collapsibility indices: NLV collapsibility ratio (NLVCR) (%) = (1 - NLVE/NLVI) × 100%. Associations between lobar volumes and PFT results, and collapsibility indices and PFT results were determined by Pearson correlation analysis.
Results: NLVCR values were significantly correlated with PFT results. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second, measured as percent of predicted results (FEV1%P) was significantly correlated with NLVCR values for the lower lobes (P<0.01), whereas this correlation was not significant for the upper lobes (P=0.05). FEV1%P results were also moderately correlated with inspiratory, expiratory ELV (ELVI,E) for the lower lobes (P<0.05). In contrast, the ratio of the diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide to alveolar gas volume, measured as percent of predicted (DLCO/VA%P) results were strongly correlated with ELVI for the upper lobes (P<0.001), whereas this correlation with NLVCR values was weaker for upper lobes (P<0.01) and was not significant for the lower lobes (P=0.26).
Conclusion: FEV1%P results were correlated with NLV collapsibility indices for lower lobes, whereas DLCO/VA%P results were correlated with NLV collapsibility indices and ELV for upper lobes. Thus, evaluating lobar NLV collapsibility might be useful for estimating pulmonary function in COPD patients.

Keywords: segmentation, emphysema, computed tomography, pulmonary function

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