LncRNA EMX2OS, Regulated by TCF12, Interacts with FUS to Regulate the Proliferation, Migration and Invasion of Prostate Cancer Cells Through the cGMP-PKG Signaling Pathway
Authors Wang Z, Zhang C, Chang J, Tian X, Zhu C, Xu W
Received 24 December 2019
Accepted for publication 11 June 2020
Published 21 July 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 7045—7056
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Leo Jen-Liang Su
Zhiqiang Wang,* Chaowei Zhang,* Junkai Chang, Xin Tian, Chaoyang Zhu, Weibo Xu
Department of Urinary Surgery, Huaihe Hospital of Henan University, Kaifeng 475000, People’s Republic of China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Correspondence: Weibo Xu
Department of Urinary Surgery, Huaihe Hospital of Henan University, No. 8 Baobei Road, Kaifeng 475000, People’s Republic of China
Tel/ Fax +86 371-23906691
Background: LncRNA EMX2OS (EMX2 opposite strand/antisense RNA) is notably downregulated in prostate cancer (PCa) tissues and may be regarded as a potential molecular biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis. However, its exact role in regulating the development of PCa is obscure.
Methods: The EMX2OS expression was assessed in PCa tissues, paracancer tissues, PCa cells and normal prostate epithelial cells by qPCR. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments were performed to investigate the role of EMX2OS and FUS in cGMP-PKG (cyclic guanosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinase)-mediated proliferation, invasion, and migration in human PCa cell lines DU145 and PC3. Then, the interaction of transcription factor 12 (TCF12) with EMX2OS promoter was confirmed by using the dual-luciferase reporter and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays. RNA binding protein immunoprecipitation and RNA pull-down assays were used to verify the interaction between EMX2OS and FUS protein. Finally, the role of EMX2OS and FUS in tumor growth in vivo was validated in a xenograft nude mouse model.
Results: TCF12 and EMX2OS were both downregulated in PCa tissues and cells, and they negatively regulated cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and activated cGMP-PKG pathway in DU145 and PC3 cells. TCF12 was a transcription factor of EMX2OS. TCF12 and EMX2OS overexpression both down-regulated cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and activated cGMP-PKG pathway in DU145 and PC3 cells. Furthermore, EMX2OS directly bound with FUS protein and had a synergy effect with FUS protein on cGMP-PKG-mediated cell functions, which could be suppressed by (D)-DT-2 (a cGMP-PKG inhibitor). In addition, the overexpression of FUS or EMX2OS individually markedly decreased the volume and weight of tumors in vivo, and co-overexpression of them further inhibited tumor growth.
Conclusion: EMX2OS, transcriptionally regulated by TCF12, played a synergy role with FUS protein in regulating the proliferation, migration and invasion of PCa cells by activating the cGMP-PKG pathway.
Keywords: LncRNA EMX2OS, TCF12, FUS, cGMP-PKG pathway, prostate cancer
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