Lipid nanoparticles as delivery vehicles for the Parietaria judaica major allergen Par j 2
Maria Luisa Bondì1,*, Giovanna Montana2,*, Emanuela Fabiola Craparo3, Roberto Di Gesù3, Gaetano Giammona3, Angela Bonura2, Paolo Colombo2
1Istituto per lo Studio dei Materiali Nanostrutturati, 2Istituto di Biomedicina ed Immunologia Molecolare, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, 3Laboratory of Biocompatible Polymers, Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Molecolari e Biomolecolari Stembio, Università di Palermo, Palermo, Italy
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Abstract: Parietaria pollen is one of the major causes of allergic reaction in southern Europe, affecting about 30% of all allergic patients in this area. Specific immunotherapy is the only treatment able to modify the natural outcome of the disease by restoring a normal immunity against allergens. The preparation of allergen-solid lipid nanoparticles as delivery vehicles for therapeutic proteins, P. judaica major allergen Par j 2, was investigated. The Par j 2 allergen was expressed in a large amount in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. Its immunological properties were studied by western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay inhibition. Solid lipid nanoparticles were obtained by water-in-oil-in-water multiple emulsion method and characterized in terms of mean size and surface charge. These systems (approximately 250 nm diameter and negative surface charge) incorporated recombinant Par j 2 with 40% or greater efficiency. Moreover, the endotoxin level and anaphylactic activity of the empty solid lipid nanoparticles and recombinant Par j 2-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles were evaluated by looking at the overexpression of CD203c marker on human basophils. These results demonstrate that recombinant Par j 2-nanoparticles could be proposed as safe compositions for the development of new therapeutic dosage forms to cure allergic reactions.
Keywords: solid lipid nanoparticles, Parietaria judaica (Par j), drug delivery, recombinant allergens, specific immunotherapy, allergic rhinitis
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