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LINC00460 Promotes Cell Proliferation, Migration, Invasion, and Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma via miR-320a/BGN Axis

Authors Yang Y, Wang R, Feng L, Ma H, Fang J

Received 20 September 2020

Accepted for publication 26 January 2021

Published 30 March 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 2279—2291


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Sanjeev Srivastava

Yifan Yang,1,2 Ru Wang,1,2 Ling Feng,1,2 Hongzhi Ma,1,2 Jugao Fang1– 3

1Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100730, People’s Republic of China; 2Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery (Ministry of Education of China), Beijing Institute of Otolaryngology, Beijing, 100005, People’s Republic of China; 3Beijing Key Laboratory of Head and Neck Molecular Diagnostic Pathology, Beijing, 100730, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Jugao Fang
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 1 Dongjiaominxiang Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100730, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-13522886950
Fax +86-010-58269206
Email [email protected]

Purpose: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical roles in cancer onset and development, including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). This study aimed to investigate the biological role of LINC00460 and the mechanisms underlying epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in HNSCC.
Methods: Aberrantly LINC00460 expression in HNSCC and overall survival outcomes were constructed using the TCGA database. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was applied to examine the LINC00460 expression level in HNSCC cell lines. The role of LINC00460 knockdown on HNSCC cell growth, migration, invasion, and EMT was investigated in vitro using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation, transwell assay, and Western blot assay. Besides, bioinformatics prediction, dual-luciferase reporter assay, and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) were performed to reveal the interaction among LINC00460 and its target genes. The function of the LINC00460/miR-320a/BGN axis in HNSCC cells was clarified by rescue assays. Furthermore, the in vivo effects of LINC00460 on tumor growth were investigated using mice xenograft models.
Results: In this study, LINC00460 was upregulated in HNSCC tissues and cells and was associated with poor clinical prognosis. Further functional analysis showed that LINC00460 knockdown decreased HNSCC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, as well as EMT in vitro. Mechanistic investigation indicated that LINC00460 sponged miR-320a to upregulate Biglycan (BGN) expression, thereby facilitating HNSCC progression and induced EMT. Moreover, knockdown of LINC00460 significantly suppressed the progression of HNSCC cells in vivo.
Conclusion: Taken together, LINC00460 mediates miR-320a/BGN signaling axis to promote cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and induce the EMT process in HNSCC cells. Our findings elucidated a novel mechanism underlying the progression of HNSCC. LINC00460 could serve as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of HNSCC.

Keywords: head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, LINC00460, miR-320a, BGN, EMT

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