Back to Journals » Clinical Ophthalmology » Volume 14

Lightning Injury to Eye: Brief Review of the Literature and Case Series

Authors Pradhan E, Khatri A, Ahmed AA, Lama AJ, Khanal R, Bajracharya L, Adhikari S

Received 14 December 2019

Accepted for publication 18 February 2020

Published 28 February 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 597—607

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S242327

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Eli Pradhan,1 Anadi Khatri,2 Akwasi Agyeman Ahmed,3 Ang Jangmu Lama,4 Roshija Khanal,5 Leena Bajracharya,6 Srijana Adhikari7

1Department of Medical Retina, Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Tilganga, Kathmandu, Nepal; 2Department of Vitreo-Retina Services, Birat Eye Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana; 4Department of Paediatric Ophthalmology, Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Kathmandu, Nepal; 5Department of Vitreo Retina Services, ASG Hospitals, Kathmandu, Nepal; 6Department of Ophthalmology, Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Kathmandu, Nepal; 7Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Kathmandu, Nepal

Correspondence: Anadi Khatri
Department of Vitreo-Retina Services, Birat Eye Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal
Tel +9779841767205
Email anadikc@gmail.com

Purpose: In ophthalmology, injuries due to lightning strikes have been documented as various entities ranging from keratitis, cataracts, uveitis in the anterior segments to retinal detachments, papillitis, and macular hole formation in the posterior segment. We report the largest case series so far with a total of seven cases of lightning injuries with ocular involvement and its management and a brief review of the literature on this topic.
Patients and Methods: All of the patients were evaluated for ocular injuries due to a lightning strike and each of the cases has been individually described as case series with their findings and management in this report.
Results: Ocular injuries caused by lightning are very rare, but when they occur, they can present with various ocular tissue pathology-ranging from anterior to the posterior segment structures. Most of the cases presented with maculopathy and foveschitic lesions, which resolved over time with the use of steroids.
Conclusion: Lightning injuries to the eyes, if detected early and managed appropriately, have a very good prognosis. The recovery is usually good with minimal functional loss if there is a quick referral. The macular region seems to be particularly involved in most cases and OCT can be a valuable diagnostic tool to detect and monitor the pathology.

Keywords: lightning injuries, ophthalmology, lightning, eye, cataract, uveitis, keratitis


Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]