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LEMD1-AS1 Suppresses Ovarian Cancer Progression Through Regulating miR-183-5p/TP53 Axis

Authors Guo R, Qin Y

Received 22 February 2020

Accepted for publication 30 June 2020

Published 28 July 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 7387—7398

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S250850

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Leo Jen-Liang Su


Ruowen Guo, Yide Qin

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, 230032, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Yide Qin Email yideeduca@126.com

Background/Aims: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a critical role in tumorigenesis and progression of ovarian cancer (OC). This study focused on the function and potential mechanism toward LEMD1-AS1 (LEMD1 antisense RNA 1) in the progression of ovarian cancer.
Materials and Methods: The expression of LEMD1-AS1 in OC tissues was evaluated in TCGA and Gene Expression Omnibus datasets (GSE119056) and confirmed in OC cell lines via qRT-PCR (quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction). Then, the location of LEMD1-AS1 in the cytoplasmic and nuclear RNAs extracted from OV cells was detected by qRT-PCR. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation, wound-healing and transwell assays were applied to examine cell viability, proliferation, migration and invasion, respectively. Further, the effect of LEMD1-AS1 on OC tumor growth was determined via subcutaneous xenotransplanted tumor model. The potential target for LEMD1-AS1 was validated via dual-luciferase activity assay, RNA pull-down and RNA immunoprecipitation.
Results: The expression of LEMD1-AS1 was decreased in OC tissues and cell lines. Forced overexpression of LEMD1-AS1 inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of ovarian cancer cells and transplanted tumor growth in nude mice. We found that LEMD1-AS1 was mainly located in the cytoplasm of OC cells and contained complementary sites of miR-183-5p. Mechanistically, our results showed that LEMD1-AS1 could directly interact with miR-183-5p and tumor protein p53 (TP53). The anti-tumor role of LEMD1-AS1 on OC progression depended on miR-183-5p-mediated TP53 expression.
Conclusion: LEMD1-AS1 suppresses OC progression through sponging miR-183-5p and regulation of TP53, suggesting a novel biomarker and target for OC.

Keywords: LEMD1-AS1, long noncoding RNA, ovarian cancer, tumor progression, miR-183-5p, TP53

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