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“I don’t know exactly what you’re referring to”: the challenge of values elicitation in decision making for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators

Authors Carroll SL, Embuldeniya G, Pannag J, Lewis KB, Healey JS, McGillion M, Thabane L, Stacey D

Received 10 May 2018

Accepted for publication 26 June 2018

Published 28 September 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 1947—1954

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S173705

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen


Sandra L Carroll,1–3 Gayathri Embuldeniya,3 Jasprit Pannag,1 Krystina B Lewis,4 Jeff S Healey,2,3,5 Michael McGillion,1,2 Lehana Thabane,2,6,7 Dawn Stacey4,8

1School of Nursing, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; 2Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, ON, Canada; 3Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, ON, Canada; 4School of Nursing, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada; 5Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; 6Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; 7Biostatistics Unit, St. Joseph’s Healthcare, Hamilton, ON, Canada; 8Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Purpose: Patients’ values are a key component of patient-centered care and shared decision making in health care organizations. There is limited understanding on how patients’ values guide their health related decision making or how patients understand the concept of values during these processes. This study investigated patients’ understanding of their values in the context of considering the risks/benefits of receiving an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD).
Patients and methods: A qualitative substudy was conducted within a feasibility trial with first-time ICD candidates randomized to receive a patient decision aid or usual care prior to specialist consultation. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with participants post-implantation or post-specialist consultation.
Results: Sixteen patients (ten male) aged 47–87 years participated. Of these, ten (62.5%) received the patient decision aid prior to specialist consultation. Findings revealed patients were confused by the word “values” and had difficulty expressing values related to risks/benefits during ICD decision making. When probed, values were conceptualized broadly capturing other factors such as desire to live, good quality of life, family’s views, ICD information, control over decision, and medical authority.
Conclusion: This study revealed the difficulty patients considering an ICD had with articulating their values in the context of an ICD health decision and highlighted the challenge to effectively elicit patients’ values within health decisions overall. It is suggested that there should be a shift away from the use of the word “values” when speaking directly to patients toward language such as “what matters to you the most” or “what is most important to you”.

Keywords: values, patient preferences, patient engagement, qualitative, health decision

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