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Lack of Synergy Between β-Agonist Treatment and a Blockage of Sarcoplasmic Calcium Flow in a Rat Cancer Cachexia Model

Authors Busquets S, Castillejo M, Jové Q, Jude B, Mejías P, López-Soriano FJ, Argilés JM

Received 12 December 2020

Accepted for publication 5 February 2021

Published 17 March 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 1953—1959

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S293834

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Takuya Aoki


Silvia Busquets,1,2 Marta Castillejo,1 Queralt Jové,1 Baptiste Jude,3 Patricia Mejías,1 Francisco J López-Soriano,1,2 Josep M Argilés1,2

1Cancer Research Group, Departament de Bioquímica i Biomedicina Molecular, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; 2Institut de Biomedicina de la Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; 3Laboratoire de Physiologie - EA 4324 ORPHY, IBSAM, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Brest, France

Correspondence: Silvia Busquets
Cancer Research Group, Departament de Bioquímica i Biomedicina Molecular, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 643, Barcelona, 08028, Spain
Tel +34-934021002
Fax +34-934021559
Email [email protected]

Background: During cancer cachexia, both skeletal muscle and adipose tissue losses take place. The use of β 2-agonists, formoterol in particular, has proven to be very successful in the treatment of the syndrome in pre-clinical models. The object of the present research was to study the effects of a combination of formoterol and dantrolene, an inhibitor of the ryanodine receptor 1 (RyR1), on body weight loss and cachexia in tumour-bearing animals.
Methods: Rats were separated into two groups: controls (C) and tumour bearing (TB). TB group was further subdivided into four groups: untreated (saline as a vehicle), treated with Formoterol (TF) (0,3 mg/kg body weight in saline, subcutaneous (s.c.), daily), treated with Dantrolene (TD) (5 mg/kg body weight in saline, subcutaneous (s.c.), daily), and double-treated treated (TFD) with Formoterol (0,3 mg/kg body weight, subcutaneous (s.c.), daily) and Dantrolene (5 mg/kg body weight, subcutaneous (s.c.), daily). 7 days after tumour transplantation, muscle weight, grip force, and total physical activity were specified in all experimental groups.
Results: While formoterol had, as in previous studies, a very positive effect in reducing muscle weight loss, dantrolene had no effects, neither on skeletal muscle nor on any of the parameters studied. Finally, the combined treatment (formoterol and dantrolene) did not result in any significant benefit on the action of the β 2-agonist.
Conclusion: It is concluded that, in the preclinical cachectic model used, no synergy exists between β 2-agonist treatment and the blockade of sarcoplasmic-calcium flow.

Keywords: cancer cachexia, skeletal muscle, dantrolene, formoterol, calcium, ryanodine receptor 1

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