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Lack of relationship between cigarette smoking and alcohol use with dysplasia grade in ocular surface squamous neoplasia

Authors Early AD, Adelson S, Miller CJ, Mauger TF

Received 20 February 2018

Accepted for publication 9 May 2018

Published 1 October 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 1901—1904

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S165968

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Andrew Yee

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Alison D Early, Sarah Adelson, Craig J Miller, Thomas F Mauger

Department of Ophthalmology, The Ohio State University Havener Eye Institute, Columbus, OH, USA

Objective: To evaluate smoking and alcohol use as risk factors for higher-grade dysplasia in a population of patients with histopathologically proven ocular surface squamous neoplasia.
Materials and methods: This is a retrospective chart review of data extracted from a database comprising demographic information and medical diagnosis information based on International Classification of Disease codes. Outcome measures were analyzed using the Wilcoxon two-sided test, a non-parametric t-test.
Results: Database review yielded 35 patients with ocular surface squamous neoplasia lesions proven by histopathologic analysis. The mean age was 64.51 years with SD 17.54 years. Patients were 28.57% female and 71.43% male. Nearly all patients were White (88.57%), and 5.71% were African American, 2.86% Hispanic, and 2.86% Other. There was no significant difference in dysplasia grade between smokers and non-smokers (P=0.7044), those who used alcohol vs did not use alcohol (P=0.2470), those who used tobacco and alcohol vs those who did not (P=0.5117), and those who used either tobacco or alcohol vs those who did not (P=0.8259).
Conclusion: No statistically significant relationship was found between high-grade dysplasia and cigarette smoking, alcohol use, or both cigarette smoking and alcohol use.

Keywords:
ocular surface squamous neoplasia, corneal dysplasia, conjunctival dysplasia, carcinoma in situ, squamous cell carcinoma, ocular surface tumors

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