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Knowledge of risk factors and warning signs of stroke

Authors Marcus B Nicol, Amanda G Thrift

Published 15 July 2005 Volume 2005:1(2) Pages 137—147


Marcus B Nicol, Amanda G Thrift

National Stroke Research Institute, Austin Health, Heidelberg Heights, VIC, Australia

Abstract: In this review, we have summarized the findings of fifteen studies of knowledge of stroke warning signs and risk factors in both high- and low-risk populations. In general, there appears to be low levels of knowledge of both risk factors and stroke warning signs among the communities studied. Using free recall, between 20% and 30% of respondents could not name a single risk factor, and between 10% and 60% could not name a single warning sign of stroke. Providing survey respondents with a list of potential warning signs substantially improved the identification of warning signs. Respondents in older age groups and having lower levels of educational attainment tended to have less knowledge of risk factors and warning signs of stroke than those in younger age groups and those with more education. Public campaigns to improve stroke knowledge are needed, particularly in the older age groups where the risk of stroke is greater.
Keywords: stroke, awareness, risk factors, knowledge, survey

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