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Knowledge expectations, self-care, and health complaints of heart failure patients scheduled for cardiac resynchronization therapy implantation

Authors Ingadottir B, Thylen I, Jaarsma T

Received 18 February 2015

Accepted for publication 31 March 2015

Published 2 July 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 913—921

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S83069

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen


Brynja Ingadottir,1,3 Ingela Thylén,2 Tiny Jaarsma1

1Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Norrköping, 2Department of Cardiology and Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden, 3Landspitali – The National University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland

Purpose: To describe what knowledge heart failure patients expect to acquire in relation to their upcoming cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device implantation, to describe their self-care and health complaints, and to explore the relationship between knowledge expectations and self-care, health complaints, and background factors.
Patients and methods: Cross-sectional multicenter study with 104 patients scheduled for a first-time, elective CRT implantation in Swedish and Icelandic hospitals. Data were collected with the Knowledge Expectations of hospital patient Scale, European Heart Failure Self-care Behavior Scale, and Adjusted Postoperative Recovery Profile.
Results: Patients expected most knowledge related to their disease and its treatment (median 4.0, interquartile range 0.13) and least on social issues (median 3.5, interquartile range 0.83). Their self-care was average (standardized mean 51.0±19.6) before the procedure. Patients had on average 8.2 (±4.7) health complaints and rated fatigue and sexual problems as the most severe. Age was independently associated with knowledge expectations (Expβ 0.049, P=0.033).
Conclusion: Heart failure patients waiting for a CRT device implantation have high expectations for multiple aspects of knowledge, including self-care issues, before their procedure. These expectations are similar to those of other surgical patients and they increase with age.

Keywords: cardiac devices, CRT treatment, patient education

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