Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Toward Covid-19 and Associated Factors Among University Students in Mizan Tepi University, 2020
Received 29 December 2020
Accepted for publication 19 January 2021
Published 2 February 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 349—360
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Suresh Antony
Abiy Tadesse Angelo, Daniel Shiferaw Alemayehu, Aklilu Mamo Dacho
Department of Nursing, Mizan Tepi University, Mizan Aman, Ethiopia
Correspondence: Abiy Tadesse Angelo Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: A coronavirus pandemic has reached all over the world. It is a highly contagious virus spreading from human to human by respiratory droplet infection and close contact. Applying preventive measures is very important in tackling the spread of the disease since there is no curative antiviral drug. The pandemic of the virus has impacted different institutions including the university. To overcome the impact, students are resuming face to face education by applying preventive measures of Covid-19. This study is undertaken to assess KAP in Mizan Tepi University, 2020.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 402 randomly selected participants. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the data from December 1– 10/2020. Data were entered into Epidata 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 21 for analysis. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used for analyses. A p-value of less than 0.05 was used to identify significant variables in multivariate logistic regression analysis.
Results: In this study, 47%, 54%, and 42.8% of the students had good knowledge, positive attitude, and good practice towards Covid-19, respectively. Being from health sciences (AOR= 2.983, 95% CI (1.869, 4.763)) was significantly associated with good knowledge. Being from health sciences (AOR= 1.86, 95% CI (1.169, 2.970)), female sex (AOR=0.628, 95% CI (0.405, 0.975)), at least one parent having diploma or degree (AOR= 0.455, 95% CI (0.236, 0.878)), and 1000– 1500 ETB monthly income (AOR= 0.403, 95% CI (0.189, 0.856)) were significantly associated with students’ attitude. Being rural residence (AOR = 1.740, 95% CI (1.136, 2.663)), positive knowledge (AOR=1.893, 95% CI (1.2322.909)), and positive attitude ((AOR=2.676, 95% CI (1.745, 4.105)) were positively associated with the students practice.
Conclusion: The KAP of the students towards the Covid-19 was low. Being a health sciences student was an explanatory variable for better knowledge. Sex, being a health science college student, parents’ educational status, and monthly income were predictors of students’ attitude. Residency, knowledge, and attitude were independent predictors of practice. Awareness creation on preventive behaviors among the students is highly recommended.
Keywords: Covid-19, knowledge, attitude, practice, Mizan Tepi University
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