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Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, and Associated Factors Regarding the Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic

Authors Wake AD

Received 7 August 2020

Accepted for publication 21 September 2020

Published 27 October 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 3817—3832


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Suresh Antony

Addisu Dabi Wake

Nursing Department, College of Health Sciences, Arsi University, Asella, Oromia, Ethiopia

Correspondence: Addisu Dabi Wake
Nursing Department, College of Health Sciences, Arsi University, P.O. Box: 393/04, Asella, Oromia, Ethiopia
Tel +251 910 2867 66
Email [email protected]

Abstract: It is recognized that novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) originated from China and quickly crossed all borders by infecting individuals of all age categories throughout the entire world. Since March 11, 2020, the day the novel COVID-19 outbreak was declaration by the WHO as a COVID-19 pandemic, it has caused substantial morbidity and mortality globally. It has become a priority of global society because of the severe impact it puts in all dimensions. Therefore, the present review was intended to examine the knowledge, attitude, practice, and associated factors towards COVID-19. The review addressed the vital points for the health professionals giving care for COVID-19 patients, stakeholders participating on this pandemic virus, health policy-makers and implementers, researchers, and for the populations as a whole. The majority of the studies reflect a good knowledge, positive attitude, and good practice towards COVID-19 respective to their countries. Some studies have identified factors associated with knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding COVID-19. For instance, age, educational level, residence, monthly income, profession, gender, marital status, and news media were factors significantly associated with knowledge. Age, occupation, educational level, monthly income, gender, residence, knowledge, and practice were factors significantly associated with attitude. Age, marital status, educational level, residence, monthly income, knowledge, gender, and attitude were factors significantly associated with practice. The majority of the studies reported a good level of knowledge, optimistic attitude, and a good level of practice about COVID-19. But, some studies showed unimpressive knowledge, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19. An improvement is needed, and community education should take place as usual with a commitment by using all the strategies that could support improving the knowledge, attitude, and practice of the population. Training should be provided for healthcare workers to update and make them more effective in diagnosing, managing, and controlling this pandemic. The integration of good knowledge, a positive attitude, and sufficient practice towards COVID-19 could contribute a significant and essential role in controlling this pandemic.

Keywords: knowledge, attitude, practice, pandemic, COVID-19, novel coronavirus disease

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