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Knowledge and practice of parents and guardians about childhood asthma at King Abdulaziz Medical City for National Guard, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Authors AlOtaibi E, AlAteeq M

Received 16 June 2017

Accepted for publication 21 February 2018

Published 13 April 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 67—75

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S143829

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Kent Rondeau

Eman AlOtaibi, Mohammed AlAteeq

King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Ministry of the National Guard, Health Affairs, Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Background: Family management of asthmatic children is affected by several factors, primarily the parent’s knowledge and attitude toward asthma.
Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the knowledge and practice of parents and guardians about asthma in their children.
Methods: Two hundred and thirty-one self-administered questionnaires were distributed to parents and guardians attending, with their children, general pediatric and pediatric pulmonology outpatient clinics at King Abdullah Specialist Children’s Hospital, King Abdulaziz Medical City for National Guard, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the period from August 2016 to March 2017.
Results: Most of the participants (79.6%) have moderate knowledge. The mean of total knowledge was found to be higher among mothers compared with other groups (p=0.019). Most participants (88.3%) reported providing asthma treatment regularly and 61.9% visited the clinic regularly. Almost half of the participants have misconceptions about asthma medications. During acute asthma attacks, more than half of the participants (54.5%) massaged their child’s chest or back, and 52.4% provided the child homemade or herbal remedies.
Conclusion: This study revealed a moderate level of knowledge about asthma among the parents and guardians of asthmatic children, but poor knowledge about asthma medications. For better control of asthma, more effort is needed to educate caregivers and to enhance their awareness about asthma and highlight the misconceptions about asthma medications at both hospital level and community level.

Keywords:
parenting, home management, chronic disease, emergence

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