Knowledge and Attitude Towards the Current Pandemic Corona Virus Disease and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Debre Tabor General Hospital Northwest Ethiopia: An Institutional-Based Cross-Sectional Study
Received 9 October 2020
Accepted for publication 30 November 2020
Published 8 January 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 61—71
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Everett F Magann
Alemu Degu, Gedefaye Nibret, Habtamu Gebrehana, Adanech Getie, Bekalu Getnet
College of Health Sciences, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia
Correspondence: Alemu Degu Email email@example.com
Purpose: The current emerging respiratory disease known as the novel Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) is now an international concern and a pandemic with non-availability of treatment. Due to altered physiology, weakened mechanical and immunological features pregnant mothers constitute a particularly suspectable segment of population in any infection pandemic. The goal of this study was to assess level of knowledge and attitude towards COVID-19 and determinants among pregnant mothers attending antenatal care (ANC) in Debre Tabor General Hospital Northwest Ethiopia.
Patient and Methods: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was performed from June 05 to 26, 2020. A total of 403 pregnant mothers participated and were selected by systematic random sampling. Data were collected via face-to-face interviewer-administered questionnaire. Data were entered using Epi-Data version 4.2 and analyzed by SPSS version 23. Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed and p-value < 0.05 at 95% CI was considered as statistically significant.
Results: Overall, 52.1% and 52.6% of participants had a good level of knowledge and positive attitude towardCOVID-19, respectively. Level of knowledge was significantly associated with participants’ age (15– 24 years) (AOR: 4.58; 95% CI: 1.721– 12.201), educational status (AOR:7.78; 95% CI: 2.31– 15.65) occupation (AOR:2.26; 95% CI: 1.23– 4.15), and condition of pregnancy (AOR:4.55; 95% CI: 1.84– 11.25). Whereas age (25– 34 years) (AOR:2.61; 95% CI: 1.23– 5.55), participants husband completed secondary education (AOR=2.75, 95% CI: 1.13– 6.70) and college and above (AOR:3.77; 95% CI: 1.1.62– 8.76), wanted pregnancy (AOR:2.70; 95% CI: 1.22– 5.97) and knowledge (AOR:1.65; 95% CI: 1.06– 2.572) were the significant predictors for attitude.
Conclusion: Findings show that almost half of the participants had a good level of knowledge and positive attitude towards COVID-19. Age, educational status, occupational status, condition of current pregnancy was positively associated with women level of awareness of COVID-19. Additional research is needed to see the impact of COVID-19 on pregnancy and feto-maternal effect.
Keywords: attitude, COVID-19, Debre Tabor, knowledge, pregnant women