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Knowledge about missed contraceptive pills among married women at King Abdulaziz University Hospital

Authors Iftikhar R, Abdulrahman B, Khail AA

Received 3 May 2014

Accepted for publication 4 October 2014

Published 10 March 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 401—411

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S67171

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 6

Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen

Rahila Iftikhar, Bahaa Abdulrahman Aba Al Khail

Family and Community Medicine Department, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Background: Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) are one of the most reliable methods of contraception. However, lack of knowledge about oral contraceptive use and inconsistent pill-taking might result in decreased efficacy. The study reported here aimed to explore women’s knowledge about oral contraceptive use and assess the factors associated with knowledge about OCPs among users.
Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia between April and June 2014. We included married, non-pregnant women >18 years old who had used a combined 21-day OCP for at least 3 months prior to recruitment. A questionnaire was used to collect the participants’ demographic information. It also assessed their knowledge about OCPs. Data were entered into and analyzed using SPSS software.
Results: A total of 357 women were recruited. Of these, 57.7% reported they knew what to do after missing one or two pills, but only 18.3% knew exactly what to do after missing more than two pills consecutively. Postgraduate women had a significantly higher knowledge score than illiterate women (P=0.002) and those who had completed at least primary education (P=0.001). Conversely, there was no difference in knowledge scores between Saudi and expatriate women (P=0.2). Monthly incomes (P=0.2) and mode of OCP selection (P=0.2) were also not significantly associated with knowledge scores.
Conclusion: Women had poor knowledge about OCP use. Appropriate measures should be taken to educate women about proper oral contraceptive use.

Keywords: oral contraception, oral contraceptive, Saudi Arabia, OCP

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