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ITGA7 functions as a tumor suppressor and regulates migration and invasion in breast cancer

Authors Bhandari A, Xia E, Zhou Y, Guan Y, Xiang J, Kong L, Wang Y, Yang F, Wang O, Zhang X

Received 20 December 2017

Accepted for publication 14 March 2018

Published 1 May 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 969—976

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S160379

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Lu-Zhe Sun


Adheesh Bhandari,* Erjie Xia,* Yuying Zhou, Yaoyao Guan, Jingjing Xiang, Lingguo Kong, Yinghao Wang, Fan Yang, Ouchen Wang, Xiaohua Zhang

Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women and the underlying mechanism of breast cancer cell metastasis is still far from uncover. Integrin subunit alpha 7 (ITGA7) is a functioning protein. It has been detected in many malignancies. But the function of ITGA7 in breast cancer is not clear. Our aim is to explore ITGA7 expression and its role in breast cancer.
Methods: Real-time PCR was performed to determine ITGA7 expression in BC tissues and normal adjacent tissues. The specific functions of ITGA7 in breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231 and BT-549) transfected with small interfering RNA were determined through migration, invasion assays. Western blot assays were performed to determine the expression of c-met and vimentin.
Results: ITGA7 was down-regulated in breast cancer tissues compared to the adjacent normal tissues (T:N =7.68±27.38: 41.01± 31.47, P<0.001) and this observation was consistent with the TCGA cohort (T:N =4.51±0.45:5.40±0.61, P<0.0001). In vitro experiments showed that knocking down ITGA7 significantly inhibited the migration and invasion of the breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231 and BT-549). Meanwhile, knockdown of ITGA7 promoted c-met and vimentin expression, which may induce invasion and migration.
Conclusion: ITGA7 plays an important tumorigenic function and acts as a suppress gene in breast cancer. Our findings indicate that ITGA7 was the gene associated with breast cancer.

Keywords: breast cancer, ITGA7, migration, invasion

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