Back to Journals » Clinical Interventions in Aging » Volume 11

Is older adult care mediated by caregivers' cultural stereotypes? The role of competence and warmth attribution

Authors Fernandez Ballesteros R, Bustillos A, Santacreu M, Schettini R, Diaz-Veiga P, Huici C

Received 12 September 2015

Accepted for publication 1 January 2016

Published 5 May 2016 Volume 2016:11 Pages 545—552


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Carl Fortin

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Walker

Rocío Fernández-Ballesteros,1 Antonio Bustillos,2 Marta Santacreu,1,3 Rocio Schettini,1 Pura Díaz-Veiga,4 Carmen Huici2

1Clinical and Health Psychology, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (UAM), 2Social Psychology, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), 3Psychology Department, Universidad Europea de Madrid (UEM), 4Matia Instituto Gerontológico, Madrid, Spain

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine, from the stereotype content model (SCM) perspective, the role of the competence and warmth stereotypes of older adults held by professional caregivers.
Methods: A quasi-experimental design, ex post facto with observational analyses, was used in this study. The cultural view on competence and warmth was assessed in 100 caregivers working in a set of six residential geriatric care units (three of them organized following a person-centered care approach and the other three providing standard geriatric care). In order to assess caregivers’ cultural stereotypical views, the SCM questionnaire was administered. To evaluate the role of caregivers’ cultural stereotypes in their professional performance as well as in older adult functioning, two observational scales from the Sistema de Evaluación de Residencias de Ancianos (assessment system for older adults residences)-RS (staff functioning and residents’ functioning) were applied.
Results: Caregivers’ cultural views of older adults (compared to young people) are characterized by low competence and high warmth, replicating the data obtained elsewhere from the SCM. Most importantly, the person-centered units predict better staff performance and better resident functioning than standard units. Moreover, cultural stereotyping of older adult competence moderates the effects of staff performance on resident functioning, in line with the findings of previous research.
Conclusion: Our results underline the influence of caregivers’ cultural stereotypes on the type of care, as well as on their professional behaviors and on older adult functioning. Caregivers’ cultural stereotypes could be considered as a central issue in older adult care since they mediate the triangle of care: caregivers/older adults/type of care; therefore, much more attention should be paid to this psychosocial care component.

Keywords: cultural stereotypes, caregiver functioning, older adult functioning, person-centered care vs standard care, stereotype content model

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]


Other article by this author:

Cognitive plasticity in normal and pathological aging

Fernández-Ballesteros R, Botella J, Zamarrón MD, Molina MÁ, Cabras E, Schettini R, Tárraga L

Clinical Interventions in Aging 2012, 7:15-25

Published Date: 4 January 2012

Readers of this article also read:

Opportunities to maximize value with integrated palliative care

Bergman J, Laviana AA

Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare 2016, 9:219-226

Published Date: 5 May 2016

Clinical assessment tools identify functional deficits in fragility fracture patients

Ames TD, Wee CE, Le KM, Wang TL, Bishop JY, Phieffer LS, Quatman CE

Clinical Interventions in Aging 2016, 11:563-570

Published Date: 5 May 2016

Frailty and quality of life in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome

Lisiak M, Uchmanowicz I, Wontor R

Clinical Interventions in Aging 2016, 11:553-562

Published Date: 5 May 2016

Fimasartan for independent reduction of blood pressure variability in mild-to-moderate hypertension

Shin MS, Kang DR, Kim C, Cho EJ, Sung KC, Kang SM, Kim DS, Joo SJ, Lee SH, Hwang KK, Park JB

Drug Design, Development and Therapy 2016, 10:1573-1580

Published Date: 5 May 2016

A double-blind randomized controlled trial comparing dexamethasone and clonidine as adjuvants to a ropivacaine sciatic popliteal block for foot surgery

Vermeylen K, De Puydt J, Engelen S, Roofthooft E, Soetens F, Neyrinck A, Van de Velde M

Local and Regional Anesthesia 2016, 9:17-24

Published Date: 5 May 2016

Immediate results and long-term cardiovascular outcomes of endovascular therapy in octogenarians and nonoctogenarians with peripheral arterial diseases

Huang HL, Jimmy Juang JM, Chou HH, Hsieh CA, Jang SJ, Cheng ST, Ko YL

Clinical Interventions in Aging 2016, 11:535-543

Published Date: 4 May 2016

Correlation between vitamin D levels and apoptosis in geriatric patients infected with hepatitis C virus genotype 4

Gabr SA, Alghadir AH, Allam AA, Ajarem J, Al-Basher G, Abdel-Maksoud MA, Ghfar AA, Aboud A

Clinical Interventions in Aging 2016, 11:523-533

Published Date: 4 May 2016

Hospitalization in older patients due to adverse drug reactions – the need for a prediction tool

Parameswaran Nair N, Chalmers L, Peterson GM, Bereznicki BJ, Castelino RL, Bereznicki LR

Clinical Interventions in Aging 2016, 11:497-505

Published Date: 2 May 2016