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Is it possible to preserve the blood supply of erectile organs by anastomosis using the hypogastric artery in kidney transplantation?

Authors Zomorrodi A, Kakaei F, Zomorrodi S, Bagheri A

Received 11 November 2016

Accepted for publication 4 March 2017

Published 10 July 2017 Volume 2017:10 Pages 191—193


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Pravin Singhal

Afshar Zomorrodi,1 Farzad Kakaei,2 Sahar Zomorrodi,3 Amin Bagheri1

1Department of Urology and Kidney Transplantation, Emam Reza Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 2Department of Surgery, Emam Reza Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 3Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Introduction: Three modalities for treating chronic kidney failure are peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, and kidney transplantation. Among them kidney transplantation is cost-efficient and leads to a somewhat normal quality of life. In this approach, most often the external iliac artery is selected for anastomosis, but this could be disastrous if anastomosis leads to a complication. The traditional end-to-end approach for anastomosis of the kidney artery to the internal iliac artery leads to pelvic organ ischemia. However, if the end-to-end anastomosis is replaced by an end-to-side approach, it is safer. This report discusses some cases of end-to-side anastomosis using the internal iliac artery.
Method: In ten cases of chronic kidney failure, we anastomosed the kidney artery to the internal iliac artery with an end-to-side approach.
Results: After vessels were unclamped, all patients had diuresis. Their creatinine was in normal range and was blood flow in the internal iliac artery, based on color Doppler ultrasound.
Conclusion: End-to-side anastomosis can be done in some chronic kidney failure patients if their internal iliac arteries are large enough. This approach is safer than anastomosis using the external iliac artery.

Keywords: kidney transplant, internal iliac artery, anastomosis

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