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Iodine-125 radiolabeling of silver nanoparticles for in vivo SPECT imaging

Authors Chrastina A, Schnitzer J

Published 1 September 2010 Volume 2010:5 Pages 653—659

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S11677

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4


Adrian Chrastina, Jan E Schnitzer

Proteogenomics Research Institute for Systems Medicine, San Diego, CA, USA

Abstract: Silver nanoparticles are increasingly finding applications in medicine; however, little is known about their in vivo tissue distribution. Here, we have developed a rapid method for radiolabeling of silver nanoparticles with iodine-125 in order to track in vivo tissue uptake of silver nanoparticles after systemic administration by biodistribution analysis and single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) imaging. Poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone)-capped silver nanoparticles with an average size of 12 nm were labeled by chemisorption of iodine-125 with a >80% yield of radiolabeling efficiency. Radiolabeled silver nanoparticles were intravenously injected in Balb/c mice, and the in vivo distribution pattern of these nanoparticles was evaluated by noninvasive whole-body SPECT imaging, which revealed uptake of the nanoparticles in the liver and spleen. Biodistribution analysis confirmed predominant accumulation of the silver nanoparticles in the spleen (41.5%ID/g) and liver (24.5%ID/g) at 24 h. Extensive uptake in the tissues of the reticuloendothelial system suggests that further investigation of silver nanoparticle interaction with hepatic and splenic tissues at the cellular level is critical for evaluation of the in vivo effects and potential toxicity of silver nanoparticles. This method enables rapid iodine-125 radiolabeling of silver nanoparticles with a specific activity sufficient for in vivo imaging and biodistribution analysis.

Keywords: Ag nanoparticles, radiolabeling, PVP, CT-SPECT imaging

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